How does hypertension affect your eyes?
- MedicineJournal of Human Hypertension
There is as yet no evidence that treatment of hypertension prevents vision loss from age-related macular degeneration, but physicians should be aware of the full spectrum of the relationship of blood pressure and the eye.
Impact of Arterial Hypertension on the Eye: A Review of the Pathogenesis, Diagnostic Methods, and Treatment of Hypertensive Retinopathy
- MedicineMedical science monitor : international medical journal of experimental and clinical research
An update on the pathogenesis of hypertensive retinopathy and the use of adaptive optics (AO) combined with optical coherence tomography (OCT) to evaluate the retinal microvasculature is presented.
Hypertensive Fundus Changes
Ophthalmologists or optometrists need to recognize the ocular effects of blood pressure to help identify individuals potentially at risk of developing hypertensive-related eye diseases in these otherwise-asymptomatic patients and monitor its end organ effects in existing patients with hypertension.
Hypertensive eye disease: a review
- MedicineClinical & experimental ophthalmology
Close collaboration between ophthalmologists and general practitioners/physicians is needed to ensure that hypertensive patients are identified and treated to reduce the risk of both vision‐threatening and systemic complications.
Hypertension and the eye
- Medicine, BiologyCurrent opinion in ophthalmology
Assessment of hypertensive retinopathy signs may convey additional prognostic information on the risk of end-organ damage and may alert for urgent systemic management or even preventive systemic therapies.
Hypertensive eye disease
- MedicineNature Reviews Disease Primers
New technologies, including development of non-invasive optical coherence tomography angiography, artificial intelligence and mobile ocular imaging instruments, have allowed further assessment and understanding of the ocular manifestations of hypertension and increase the potential that ocular Imaging could be used for hypertension management and cardiovascular risk stratification.
Hypertension and the eye
- MedicineCurrent opinion in ophthalmology
Identification of early microvascular changes on fundoscopic examination using reliable and reproducible imaging techniques may become an important and routine screening modality for the prevention and management of both the ocular and systemic complications of hypertension.
Similarities and differences in early retinal phenotypes in hypertension and diabetes
- MedicineJournal of hypertension
The similarities and differences of early retinopathy signs seen in diabetes and hypertension are summarized, the conceptual relevance from epidemiological, pathophysiological, and clinical perspectives are discussed, and the answer to this fundamental question holds the key to better understanding of the systemic associations of early hypertensive and diabeticretinopathy.
Hypertension-related eye abnormalities and the risk of stroke.
- MedicineReviews in neurological diseases
Evaluating the ocular fundus for signs of hypertensive retinopathy, in combination with an assessment of the presence or absence of other known vascular risk factors, may allow clinicians to further individualize a risk profile for stroke to each individual patient, thus permitting more accurate risk stratification and, potentially, guiding treatment strategies.
SHOWING 1-10 OF 191 REFERENCES
The role of age and cardiovascular disease in glaucomatous optic neuropathy.
- MedicineSurvey of ophthalmology
Retinal microvascular abnormalities and their relationship with hypertension, cardiovascular disease, and mortality.
- MedicineSurvey of ophthalmology
Regression of retinal vascular changes by antihypertensive therapy.
Even long-standing nonmalignant hypertension seems not to damage retinal tissue, and this may be explained by a regain of autoregulation which allows the arteriolonecrotic lesions to heal.
Retinopathy in older persons without diabetes and its relationship to hypertension.
- MedicineArchives of ophthalmology
This study supports the Beaver Dam Eye Study findings that retinal hemorrhages and microaneurysms are relatively frequent lesions in older people without diabetes and are significantly related to the presence and severity of hypertension.
Is blood pressure a predictor of the incidence or progression of diabetic retinopathy?
- MedicineArchives of internal medicine
After controlling for other risk variables, systolic blood pressure remained a significant predictor of the incidence of diabetic retinopathy; diastolicBlood pressure was of borderline significance in predicting progression in the younger-onset group.
Retinal microvascular abnormalities and renal dysfunction: the atherosclerosis risk in communities study.
- MedicineJournal of the American Society of Nephrology : JASN
Retinal microvascular abnormalities are associated with renal dysfunction, suggesting that common systemic microv vascular processes may underlie the development of microVascular damage in the eye and kidneys.
Hypertensive retinopathy and incident coronary heart disease in high risk men
- MedicineThe British journal of ophthalmology
The data support the concept that retinal microvascular changes are markers of blood pressure damage and may be useful in risk stratification and in the tailoring of hypertension treatment decisions.
The effect of experimental hypertension on retinal vascular autoregulation in humans: a mechanism for the progression of diabetic retinopathy
- Medicine, BiologyExperimental physiology
An impairment in retinal vascular autoregulation in response to raised systemic blood pressure in diabetic subjects, more so at an elevated blood glucose level is demonstrated, thus providing a mechanism for the detrimental effect of hypertension on diabetic retinopathy.
Retinal arteriolar diameters and elevated blood pressure: the Atherosclerosis Risk in Communities Study.
- MedicineAmerican journal of epidemiology
The patterns of association suggested that these signs reflect both transient and persisting structural effects of elevated blood pressure, in agreement with the scant pathologic literature available.