The extrinsic coagulation activity assay.

Abstract

A chromogenic assay for the tissue factor-mediated thrombin generation was developed, the extrinsic coagulation activity assay: 50 microL citrated plasma is incubated with 5 microL tissue factor in 6% albumin and 250 mM CaCl2. After 1-minute (37 degrees C) coagulation reaction time, (extrinsic coagulation activity assay with 1-minute coagulation reaction time; generating normally about 1 IU/mL thrombin) 100 microL 2.5 M arginine is added to stop hemostasis activation. Generated thrombin is then chromogenically quantified. The normal extrinsic coagulation activity assay range is 100% +/- 20%. Extrinsic coagulation activity assay in plasma of patients on heparin or coumarines is about 10-fold lower. Advantages of extrinsic coagulation activity assay: normal range of extrinsic hemostasis is truly represented, patients prone to hyper-activated extrinsic pathway are detected, anticoagulants result in respective test inhibition, fibrinogen/fibrin concentration does not artefactually alters the test result, plasma matrix is not changed significantly in the assay, and assay results are IU/mL thrombin or % of normal, which can be measured by every normal photometer.

DOI: 10.1177/1076029607309255

Cite this paper

@article{Stief2008TheEC, title={The extrinsic coagulation activity assay.}, author={Thomas W. Stief and Aleksandra Wieczerzak and Harald Renz}, journal={Clinical and applied thrombosis/hemostasis : official journal of the International Academy of Clinical and Applied Thrombosis/Hemostasis}, year={2008}, volume={14 3}, pages={303-18} }