B-cell translocation gene 1 is downregulated by promoter methylation in ovarian carcinoma
This study aimed to analyze the expression, clinical significance of B cell translocation gene 1 (BTG1) in nonsmall cell lung cancer (NSCLC) and the biological effect in its cell line by BTG1 overexpression. Immunohistochemistry and western blot were used to analyze BTG1 protein expression in 82 cases of NSCLC and 38 cases of normal tissues to study the relationship between BTG1 expression and clinical factors. Recombinant lentiviral vector was constructed to overexpress EMP-1 and then infect NSCLC H1299 cell line. Quantitative real-time RT-PCR and western blot were used to detect the mRNA level and protein of BTG1. 3-[4,5-dimethylthiazol -2-yl]-2,5-diphenyltetrazolium bromide (MTT) assay, cell apoptosis, cell cycles, and migration and invasion assays were also conducted as to the influence of the upregulated expression of BTG1 that might be found on H1299 cells biological effect. The level of BTG1 protein expression was found to be significantly lower in NSCLC tissue than normal tissues (P < 0.05). Decreased expression of BTG1 was significantly correlated with lymph node metastasis, clinic stage, and histological grade of patients with NSCLC (P < 0.05). Meanwhile, loss of BTG1 expression correlated significantly with poor overall survival time by Kaplan–Meier analysis (P < 0.05). The result of biological function show that H1299 cell transfected BTG1 had a lower survival fraction; higher percentage of the G0/G1 phases; higher cell apoptosis; significant decrease in migration and invasion; and lower CyclinD1, Bcl-2, and MMP-9 protein expression compared with H1299 cell untransfected BTG1 (P < 0.05). BTG1 expression decreased in NSCLC and correlated significantly with lymph node metastasis; clinical stage; histological grade; poor overall survival; cell proliferation; cell cycles; cell apoptosis; and migration and invasion in NSCLC cell by regulating CyclinD1, Bcl-2, and MMP-9 protein expression, suggesting that BTG1 may play important roles as a negative regulator to NSCLC cell.