The explosive volcanic eruption signal in northern hemisphere continental temperature records

  title={The explosive volcanic eruption signal in northern hemisphere continental temperature records},
  author={Raymond S. Bradley},
  journal={Climatic Change},
  • R. Bradley
  • Published 1 June 1988
  • Geology
  • Climatic Change
Several catalogs of explosive volcanic eruptions are reviewed and their limitations assessed. A new, homogeneous set of high quality gridded temperature data for continental regions of the northern hemisphere is then examined in relation to the timing of major explosive eruptions. Several of the largest eruptions are associated with significant drops in summer and fall temperatures, whereas pronounced negative anomalies in winter and spring temperatures are generally unrelated to volcanic… 

Surface climate responses to explosive volcanic eruptions seen in long European temperature records and mid-to-high latitude tree-ring density around the Northern Hemisphere

Explosive volcanic eruptions are known to have an impact on surface temperatures in the two to three years after the eruption, but our ability to determine the impact is impeded by the paucity of

Identifying volcanic signals in Irish temperature observations since AD 1800

Large volcanic eruptions have been shown to affect temperature patterns to varying degrees on continental, hemispheric or global scales. However, few studies have systematically explored the

Climatic Impact of Volcanic Eruptions

  • G. Zielinski
  • Environmental Science, Geography
  • 2002
Using analysis of ice-core, tree-ring, and geologic records in conjunction with climate proxy data indicates that multiple eruptions may force climate on decadal time scales, as appears to have occurred during the Little Ice Age.


Volcanic eruptions have the potential to force global climate, provided they are explosive enough to emit at least 1–5 megaton of sulfur gases into the stratosphere. The sulfuric acid produced during

The Effect of Tropical Explosive Volcanic Eruptions on Surface Air Temperature

The response of surface air temperatures to four major tropical explosive volcanic eruptions is identified. The common features of the average response (the composite) are then compared with the

Volcanic Eruptions over the Last 5,000 Years from High Elevation Tree-Ring Widths and Frost Rings

Some tree-ring records, due to their great age, the annual resolution of their dates, and their sensitivity to the climatic effects of large volcanic eruptions, are useful in understanding the

Dynamic winter climate response to large tropical volcanic eruptions since 1600

[1] We have analyzed the mean climate response pattern following large tropical volcanic eruptions back to the beginning of the 17th century using a combination of proxy-based reconstructions and

Use of paleo-records in determining variability within the volcanism climate system

Low-latitude volcanic eruption signal in Indian surface air temperatures

The effect of major low-latitude volcanic eruptions on the all-India mean surface-air temperature has been studied using data for the period 1899-1985, by using superposed epoch analysis over 36



Climatic impact of explosive volcanic eruptions

Major explosive volcanic eruptions inject ash and gas into the upper atmosphere, producing aerosol layers which can affect the global energy balance and climate1. Empirical studies have shown that

Recent glacier variations and volcanic eruptions

The injection of volcanic dust and gases into the atmosphere during major eruptions has been advanced to explain short-term variations of climate1–4. A calculated global cooling of ∼1K during

Volcanic eruptions and long‐term temperature records: An empirical search for cause and effect

The ‘superposed epoch’ analysis method of compositing temperatures is employed to aid in the search for evidence of a drop in surface temperature due to large volcanic dust veils. The temperature

Global spread of volcanic dust from the Bali eruption of 1963

The global spread of volcanic dust from the Mt. Agung eruption of 17 March 1963 is assessed on the basis of the decrement of direct solar radiation. The initial injection at 8°S lodged an equatorial

The volcanic explosivity index (VEI) an estimate of explosive magnitude for historical volcanism

Knowledge of the frequencies of highly explosive, moderately explosive, and nonexplosive eruptions would be useful in a variety of volcano studies. Historical records are generally incomplete,

Volcanic dust influence on glacier mass balance at high latitudes

EXPLOSIVE eruptions, which inject large quantities of volcanic dust into the earth's upper atmosphere, are believed to be important factors in climatic change. Theoretical considerations suggest that

Volcanic deposits in Antarctic snow and ice

Major volcanic eruptions are able to spread large amounts of sulfuric acid all over the world. Acid layers of volcanic origin were detected for the first time a few years ago by Hammer in Greenland

A decade of stratospheric sulfate measurements compared with observations of volcanic eruptions

Sulfate aerosol concentrations in the stratosphere have been measured for 11 years (1971--1981) using portions of filters collected by the Department of Energy's High Altitude Sampling Program. Data

Antarctic observations of stratospheric aerosol and high altitude condensation nuclei following the El Chichon eruption

A balloon sounding to 32 km altitude was conducted at the U. S. station on McMurdo Sound in Antarctica in October 1983. The purpose of the sounding was twofold. First, to determine the extent to