The explosive volcanic eruption signal in northern hemisphere continental temperature records

@article{Bradley1988TheEV,
  title={The explosive volcanic eruption signal in northern hemisphere continental temperature records},
  author={Raymond S. Bradley},
  journal={Climatic Change},
  year={1988},
  volume={12},
  pages={221-243}
}
Several catalogs of explosive volcanic eruptions are reviewed and their limitations assessed. A new, homogeneous set of high quality gridded temperature data for continental regions of the northern hemisphere is then examined in relation to the timing of major explosive eruptions. Several of the largest eruptions are associated with significant drops in summer and fall temperatures, whereas pronounced negative anomalies in winter and spring temperatures are generally unrelated to volcanic… Expand
Surface climate responses to explosive volcanic eruptions seen in long European temperature records and mid-to-high latitude tree-ring density around the Northern Hemisphere
Explosive volcanic eruptions are known to have an impact on surface temperatures in the two to three years after the eruption, but our ability to determine the impact is impeded by the paucity ofExpand
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Abstract Climate records of the past 140 years are examined for the impact of major volcanic eruptions on surface temperature. After the low-frequency variations and El Nino/Southern OscillationExpand
Identifying volcanic signals in Irish temperature observations since AD 1800
Large volcanic eruptions have been shown to affect temperature patterns to varying degrees on continental, hemispheric or global scales. However, few studies have systematically explored theExpand
Climatic Impact of Volcanic Eruptions
  • G. Zielinski
  • Environmental Science, Medicine
  • TheScientificWorldJournal
  • 2002
TLDR
Using analysis of ice-core, tree-ring, and geologic records in conjunction with climate proxy data indicates that multiple eruptions may force climate on decadal time scales, as appears to have occurred during the Little Ice Age. Expand
HOW A VOLCANIC ERUPTION IMPACTS CLIMATE
Volcanic eruptions have the potential to force global climate, provided they are explosive enough to emit at least 1–5 megaton of sulfur gases into the stratosphere. The sulfuric acid produced duringExpand
The Effect of Tropical Explosive Volcanic Eruptions on Surface Air Temperature
The response of surface air temperatures to four major tropical explosive volcanic eruptions is identified. The common features of the average response (the composite) are then compared with theExpand
THE SPATIAL RESPONSE OF THE CLIMATE SYSTEM TO EXPLOSIVE VOLCANIC ERUPTIONS
Determining the spatial response of the climate system to volcanic forcing is of importance in the development of short-term climate prediction and in the assesment of anthropogenic factors such asExpand
Volcanic Eruptions over the Last 5,000 Years from High Elevation Tree-Ring Widths and Frost Rings
Some tree-ring records, due to their great age, the annual resolution of their dates, and their sensitivity to the climatic effects of large volcanic eruptions, are useful in understanding theExpand
Dynamic winter climate response to large tropical volcanic eruptions since 1600
[1] We have analyzed the mean climate response pattern following large tropical volcanic eruptions back to the beginning of the 17th century using a combination of proxy-based reconstructions andExpand
Use of paleo-records in determining variability within the volcanism climate system
Abstract Volcanic eruptions that inject large quantities of sulfur-rich gases into the stratosphere have the capability of cooling global climate by 0.2–0.3°C for several years after the eruption.Expand
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