The exploitation of plant resources by Neanderthals in Amud Cave (Israel): The evidence from phytolith studies

  title={The exploitation of plant resources by Neanderthals in Amud Cave (Israel): The evidence from phytolith studies},
  author={Marco Madella and Martin K. Jones and Paul Goldberg and Yuval Goren and Erella Hovers},
  journal={Journal of Archaeological Science},
The depositional environments of Amud Cave indicate that phytolith assemblages retrieved from the cave's sediments are an integral part of the Middle Palaeolithic sequence. As such, they provide direct evidence for plant use. The Amud Neanderthals emphasized both wood and grass exploitation. Ligneous parts of trees and shrubs were used mainly for fuel. Herbaceous plants were used for bedding, possibly fuel, and for food. There is clear and repetitive evidence for the exploitation of mature… 
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