The experience of food craving: a prospective investigation in healthy women.

@article{Hill1994TheEO,
  title={The experience of food craving: a prospective investigation in healthy women.},
  author={Andrew J Hill and L Heaton-Brown},
  journal={Journal of psychosomatic research},
  year={1994},
  volume={38 8},
  pages={
          801-14
        }
}
This study aimed to provide a detailed analysis of the experience of food craving in a healthy, non-clinical group of women. Twenty-five women who reported food cravings prospectively recorded their experiences over a period of 5 weeks using a Food Craving Record. The average number of cravings recorded was just under 2 per week. Craving for chocolate amounted to 49% of all the food cravings. Subtle differences in the change in arousal and hunger were noted between chocolate cravings and those… 
Dieting and food craving. A descriptive, quasi-prospective study
TLDR
The results support an association between dieting and food craving, the usefulness of distinguishing dieting to lose weight and watching, and suggest a need for further experimental investigation of actual food restriction on food craving experiences.
The psychology of food craving*
  • A. Hill
  • Psychology, Medicine
    Proceedings of the Nutrition Society
  • 2007
TLDR
The popularised account of cravings as elicited by specific nutritional need is having to give way to a more subtle and complex appreciation of human eating behaviour.
Impact of Definition on Prevalence of Food Cravings in a Random Sample of Young Women
TLDR
Features of intensity or "core features" were those that related to strength of craving and were difficulty resisting eating, feeling anxious when the craved food was unavailable and a change in speed of consumption that should be taken into consideration in studies on food cravings.
Food cravings in everyday life: An EMA study on snack-related thoughts, cravings, and consumption
TLDR
HCs are more prone to think about high-calorie snacks in their daily lives and to consume more snack foods when they experience intense cravings, which might be indicative of a heightened responding towards high-Calorie foods.
‘ Molecular mechanisms and psychology of food intake ’ The psychology of food craving *
Cravings are hedonic responses to food, characterised by their intensity and their specificity. Food cravings are extremely common, reported by the majority of young adults. They are closely
Food cravings, food intake, and weight status in a community-based sample.
TLDR
There was a significant positive relationship between BMI and food cravings and there were significant positive associations of cravings for sweets, high fats, carbohydrates/starches, and fast-food fats on respective intake of these types of foods.
It's craving time: time of day effects on momentary hunger and food craving in daily life.
TLDR
These findings suggest that dissociations between hunger and craving are found only for snack-type foods, whereas hunger and general food cravings cohere strongly.
Towards a Socio-Cultural Model of Food Cravings: Evidence from the Case of Perimenstrual Chocolate Craving
Food cravings are a common, yet poorly understood phenomenon. Past attempts to explain them with a focus purely on physiological mechanisms have been unsuccessful. Four studies examine the hypothesis
Induction of food craving experience: the role of mental imagery, dietary restraint, mood and coping strategies.
TLDR
This study confirms the role of mental imagery, the correlation between state and trait food craving, and the influence of different psychological variables on the food craving.
Food Craving and Its Relationship with Restriction and Liking in Japanese Females
TLDR
Japanese female undergraduate students completed a questionnaire measuring their craving for, degree of liking, and frequency of restricting their eating of 47 widely consumed foods, and the food with the highest mean craving score was rice.
...
1
2
3
4
5
...

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 19 REFERENCES
Food cravings in a college population
TLDR
The data provided a detailed description of perceptions regarding food cravings among college-age adults, but also underscored some of the limitations of self-report measures of food craving.
Food craving, dietary restraint and mood
TLDR
Food craving was found to be only weakly related to dietary restraint, but highly and significantly correlated with external eating, emotional eating and susceptibility to hunger, and dysphoric mood was prominent prior to the cravings themselves.
Food cravings in relation to body mass index, restraint and estradiol levels: A repeated measures study in healthy women
TLDR
The study considered the nature and extent of cravings in 108 healthy women between the ages of 20 and 37 who were tested at four time points over a 2-year period, suggesting that women have a stable core of foods for which they experience cravings, relatively independent of estradiol levels, BMI or degree of dietary restraint.
Food cravings, mood, and the menstrual cycle
TLDR
The findings on mood and eating confirm previous research, whereas those on cravings extend such research by suggesting that carbohydrate cravings may be augmented by the luteal phase in healthy women.
Food craving, mood and the menstrual cycle.
TLDR
Perimenstrual food craving appears to be a cyclical phenomenon in its own right, of uncertain aetiology and worthy of further study.
Dietary cravings and aversions in the postpartum period.
TLDR
Food cravings and aversions do not continue into the postpartum period at a higher rate than one would expect in the adult female population; manifestation of food cravings/aversions is not related to dietary quality.
The phenomenology of food cravings
TLDR
It is suggested that advances in the understanding of food cravings must address the problem of the definition and measurement of the craving state and proceed with recognition of the inadequacies of the ubiquitous assumption that cravings serve to identify and redress bodily needs.
Variations in food preference and consumption across the menstrual cycle
TLDR
The results support the idea that specific taste preferences change over the menstrual cycle, and that endocrinological factors could be involved in this phenomenon.
Chocolate craving and liking
TLDR
Based on correlational data, there is little evidence for a relation between addiction to chocolate or the pharmacological effects of chocolate and the liking for chocolate.
The impact of oral contraceptives on the experience of perimenstrual mood, clumsiness, food craving and other symptoms.
TLDR
There were no differences between the three groups in the timing or severity of perimenstrual food craving or clumsiness, but o.c. users showed significantly less improvement in negative mood during the menstrual phase, compared with non-users.
...
1
2
...