[The experience in non-relative allogenic transplantation of stem hemopoietic cells in the Clinic of Bone Marrow Transplantation at I.P. Pavlov St-Petersburg Medical Academy].

Abstract

AIM To evaluate efficacy of allogenic transplantation of hemopoietic stem cells (allo-THSC) from non-relative donor in patients with hematological diseases in the Clinic of Bone Marrow Transplantation at L.P. Pavlov St-Petersburg Medical Academy for the period 2000-2006. MATERIAL AND METHODS A total of 84 allo-THSC from non-relative donor to patients aged from 10 months to 65 years (median 18 months, 44 years) was carried out. RESULTS Six-year overall survival (OS) in all the patients was 51.4%, in remission of AML--66.7%, ALL--33%, depending on the presence or absence of acute reaction graft versus host reaction (GVHR)--54 and 50.9%, chronic FVHR--75.6 and 58.2%, blood group compatibility or incompatibility in donor/recipient pairs--58.4 and 47.9%, by gender--61.4 and 40.6%, in use of HSC of the bone marrow--58.3%, peripheral blood--26.7%. OS in the dose of transplanted CD 34+ cells per 1 kg body mass < 5.0 x 10(6)/kg--173%, in the dose 5.0--8.0 x 10(6)/kg--38.8%, > 8.0 x 10(6)/kg--35.5%. Acute GVHR developed in 56% patients, chronic--in 20%, hemorrhagic cystitis--in 27.7%, bacterial, cytomegalovirus and fungal infection--in 10, 70 and 30%, respectively. The causes of death were acute GVHR (20%), infection 99%), polyorganic failure (4%), transplant rejection (5.3%), recurrence (18.7%). CONCLUSION Bone marrow transplantation clinics in the Russian Federation must develop all kinds of allo-THSC--relative, non-relative and haploidentical using bone marrow, peripheral blood, umbilical blood as the source of HSC. It is necessary to create a national register of non-relative donors.

Cite this paper

@article{Afanasiev2007TheEI, title={[The experience in non-relative allogenic transplantation of stem hemopoietic cells in the Clinic of Bone Marrow Transplantation at I.P. Pavlov St-Petersburg Medical Academy].}, author={B V Afanas'iev and L S Zubarovskaia and E. V. Semenov and nE. E. Ivanova and A L Alianskiĭ and E V Morozova and N. B. Mikhailova and E I Darskaia and M. A. Estrina and A A Golovacheva and Elena V Babenko and Sergey Nikolaevich Bondarenko and A A Ganapiev and M P Bogomol'nyĭ}, journal={Terapevticheskiĭ arkhiv}, year={2007}, volume={79 7}, pages={36-43} }