The expanding polymerase universe

  title={The expanding polymerase universe},
  author={Myron F. Goodman and Brigette L. Tippin},
  journal={Nature Reviews Molecular Cell Biology},
Over the past year, the number of known prokaryotic and eukaryotic DNA polymerases has exploded. Many of these newly discovered enzymes copy aberrant bases in the DNA template over which 'respectable' polymerases fear to tread. The next step is to unravel their functions, which are thought to range from error-prone copying of DNA lesions, somatic hypermutation and avoidance of skin cancer, to restarting stalled replication forks and repairing double-stranded DNA breaks.