The evolutionary significance of habituation and sensitization across phylogeny: A behavioral homeostasis model

@article{Eisenstein2001TheES,
  title={The evolutionary significance of habituation and sensitization across phylogeny: A behavioral homeostasis model},
  author={Edward M. Eisenstein and Doris Eisenstein and James C. Smith},
  journal={Integrative Physiological \& Behavioral Science},
  year={2001},
  volume={36},
  pages={251-265}
}
The phenomenon of habituation may be interpreted as a process that has evolved for filtering out iterative stimuli of little present relevance. That habituation is seen in aneural as well as neural organisms throughout phylogeny with remarkably similar characteristics suggests that its role is an important one in animal survival. If habituation is to be viewed as a process to filter out iterative stimuli that have no significant consequences, then how is sensitization to be viewed? One way of… Expand
A Behavioral Homeostasis Theory of Habituation and Sensitization: II. Further Developments and Predictions
TLDR
The 'behavioral homeostasis theory' of habituation and sensitization is based on the notion that organisms at a high level of 'alertness' prior to experiencing a new iterative stimulus will show a large initial response followed by a decrement (habituation) if the stimulus is of little significance. Expand
Some new speculative ideas about the “behavioral homeostasis theory” as to how the simple learned behaviors of habituation and sensitization improve organism survival throughout phylogeny
TLDR
A retrospective analysis of data from 4 effector system responses to eight repetitive tone stimuli in adult human males provides the basis for further exploration of the BHT including new predictions and proposed relatively simple experiments to test them. Expand
An exploration of how to define and measure the evolution of behavior, learning, memory and mind across the full phylogenetic tree of life
TLDR
The aim of this paper is to provide models for measuring the evolution of ‘behavior' and its changes across the full phylogenetic spectrum, and to explain why ‘mind phenomena' cannot be measured scientifically at the present time. Expand
The Transition to Experiencing: I. Limited Learning and Limited Experiencing
This is the first of two papers in which we propose an evolutionary route for the transition from sensory processing to unlimited experiencing, or basic consciousness. We argue that although anExpand
Non-associative learning processes in vestibular nucleus
TLDR
Investigating the neuronal responses to repeated stimuli in the vestibular nucleus of guinea pigs found that a biased neural response was constructed by two non-associative neuronal responses based on a linear addition of the slopes, suggesting that the neuronal irregularity and sensitivity could be the core factors to cause the biased results to more habituated side. Expand
Constructing the habituome for phenotype-driven zebrafish research
TLDR
It is demonstrated that anxiety responsivity and the ability to habituate show little correlation for multiple zebrafish behaviors, suggesting that they most likely represent distinct behavioral phenomena in novel environments. Expand
Learning in single cell organisms.
  • A. Dussutour
  • Medicine
  • Biochemical and biophysical research communications
  • 2021
TLDR
The challenge for the future is less about whether or not to single cell organisms fulfill the definition of learning established from extensive studies in animal systems and more about acknowledging and understanding the range of behavioral plasticity exhibited by such fascinating organisms. Expand
Comparisons of Animal “Smart” Using The First Four Stages of the Model of Hierarchical Complexity
TLDR
This analysis describes the four lowest behavioral stages of the Model of Hierarchical Complexity and illustrates them using the behaviors of a range of simple organisms. Expand
Habituation to Auditory Stimuli by Captive African Elephants (Loxodonta Africana)
Habituation is a major concern for the development of effective, long-term human-wildlife conflict mitigation and zoo enrichment programs. Elephants are cognitive species that exhibit many types ofExpand
Introducing a new stage for the model of hierarchical complexity: A new stage for reflex conditioning
The model of hierarchical complexity (mhc) is known to have 16 orders so far. However, applying the model to explain the development of operant conditioning (original order 2) from respondentExpand
...
1
2
3
4
5
...

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 30 REFERENCES
Comparative Aspects of Habituation in Invertebrates
Publisher Summary This chapter reviews a comparative study of habituation across invertebrate phyla as well as in various types of surgical preparations. It describes quantitative analysis ofExpand
A Dual-Process Theory of Habituation: Neural Mechanisms
Publisher Summary This chapter discusses neurophysiological evidence from experiments on the flexion reflex of acute spinal cat as well as analyses of other “model” neurophysiological systems whichExpand
Initial habituation or sensitization of the GSR depends on magnitude of first response
TLDR
Habituation and sensitization of the galvanic skin response (GSR) to shock were studied in college males and it is shown that those on the higher end of the continuum are more likely to show a response decrement when this stimulus is presented intermittently. Expand
Pavlovian Conditioning and the Mediation of behavior1
Publisher Summary This chapter presents an overview of the two-process approach. It is examined that a Pavlovian conditioning process serves to mediate the behavior observed under the three-termExpand
A Simplified Preparation for Relating Cellular Events to Behavior: Mechanisms Contributing to Habituation, Dishabituation, and Sensitization of the Aplysia Gill-Withdrawal Reflex
TLDR
This preparation for studying the gill-withdrawal reflex of Aplysia is developed, in which it is relatively easy to record the activity of individual neurons during simple forms of learning, and cellular mechanisms contributing to habituation, dishabituation, and sensitization are investigated. Expand
Effects of stimulus frequency and intensity on habituation and sensitization in acute spinal cat
Abstract Habituation and sensitization of the flexor withdrawal reflex (tibialis anterior muscle) were studied in acute spinal cat as a function of stimulus intensity and frequency for frequenciesExpand
Habituation in Gastropoda: Behavioral, Interneuronal, and Endoneuronal Aspects
TLDR
The chapter discusses three levels: behavioral, interneuronal, and endoneuronal habituation, which are closely related and primarily determined by the peculiarities of organization of gastropod nervous systems. Expand
Behavioral dissociation of dishabituation, sensitization, and inhibition in Aplysia.
TLDR
It is shown that dishabituation and sensitization, as well as an additional process, inhibition, can be behaviorally dissociated in Aplysia by their differential time of onset, their differential sensitivity to stimulus intensity, and their differential emergence during development. Expand
Relationships between dishabituation, sensitization, and inhibition of the gill- and siphon-withdrawal reflex in Aplysia californica: effects of response measure, test time, and training stimulus.
TLDR
A systematic study of these simple forms of learning in unrestrained Aplysia in which the amplitude as well as the duration of both the gill- and siphon-withdrawal reflexes were measured after either tailshock or mantle shock suggests that transient reflex inhibition is not an invariant effect of noxious stimulation but depends instead on the response measure, test time, and type ofNoxious stimulus. Expand
Quantitative analysis of ciliary and contractile responses during habituation training in Spirostomum ambiguum.
TLDR
These behavioral modifications were found to be independent of the animal's location in the stimulation chamber, attitude, body shape, and swimming activity at the time of stimulus delivery, and were not changed by repetitive stimulation. Expand
...
1
2
3
...