The evolutionary origins of patriarchy

  title={The evolutionary origins of patriarchy},
  author={Barbara B. Smuts},
  journal={Human Nature},
  • B. Smuts
  • Published 1 March 1995
  • Psychology
  • Human Nature
This article argues that feminist analyses of patriarchy should be expanded to address the evolutionary basis of male motivation to control female sexuality. Evidence from other primates of male sexual coercion and female resistance to it indicates that the sexual conflicts of interest that underlie patriarchy predate the emergence of the human species. Humans, however, exhibit more extensive male dominance and male control of female sexuality than is shown by most other primates. Six… 
Paternity uncertainty and the complex repertoire of human mating strategies.
ences presented by Buss could also be explained by the subordination of women in patriarchal culture, rather than as a result of differences in evolutionary adaptation. Although Buss rejects
Raising Darwin’s consciousness
It is argued here that female solicitation of multiple males characterized prehominid females; this prehominationid legacy of cyclical sexual assertiveness generated further male counter-strategies, which had important implications for emerging hominid mating systems, human evolution, and the development of patriarchal arrangements in some human societies.
Sexual Selection
Today the modern Darwinian theory of evolution is the unifying theory within the biological sciences. A consideration of its implications for feminism is, however, impossible without a critical
Gender Inequality in Interaction – An Evolutionary Account
In this article I argue that evolutionary theorizing can help sociologists and feminists better understand gender inequality. Evolutionary theory explains why control of the sexuality of young women
The origins and future of patriarchy: the biological background of gender politics
Those working in reproductive health are vividly aware of how much more time and energy a woman puts into pregnancy and lactation than a man puts into depositing sperm. Evolution predicts that the
The Evolution of Gendered Political Behavior: Contributions from Feminist Evolutionists
This commentary discusses Rebecca Hannagan’s article “Gendered Political Behavior: A Darwinian Feminist Approach,” an interdisciplinary examination of how human female social and political behaviors
Evolutionary Psychology and Feminism
This article provides a historical context of evolutionary psychology and feminism, and evaluates the contributions to this special issue of Sex Roles within that context. We briefly outline the
Evolution and Rape: A Feminist Darwinian Perspective
It is commonly thought that feminist and evolutionary explanations of rape cannot be integrated. As I aim to show, this view is incorrect. Although feminist and evolutionary approaches are not
Can Darwinian Feminism Save Female Autonomy and Leadership in Egalitarian Society?
As a Darwinian feminist I welcome any attempt at correcting the historical neglect of women’s roles in human evolution, as Rebecca J. Hannagan (2008, in this issue) does in her paper “Gendered
Patriarchy, Male Competition, and Excess Male Mortality
Studies of patriarchy typically focus on women’s subordination to men and the detrimental consequences for females. In this study, however, the authors predict that greater social empowerment of


Evolutionary biology and feminism
It is demonstrated how insight provided by participation in life as woman and also as a feminist suggests testable hypotheses about the evolution of social behavior—hypotheses that are applicable to the authors' investigations of the evolutionof social behavior in nonhuman animals.
The Creation of Patriarchy
When precisely did the ideas, symbols and metaphors of patriarchy take hold of Western civilization? When were women, so central to the creation of society, moved on to the sidelines? Where is the
The ecology of mating systems in hypergynous dowry societies
When the famine in Shansi was over, and I began to consider the reasons of it, I felt I must study the causes of human suffering, not only in China but in all the world. In pondering Western
Sex and friendship in baboons
The findings suggest that the evolution of male reproductive strategies in baboons can only be understood by considering the relationship between sex and friendship: female baboons prefer to mate with males who have previously engaged in friendly interaction with them and their offspring.
Cultural psychology: Male dominance and sexual coercion
Without an understanding of the seamy side of sexuality there is no understanding of politics. Norman O. Brown, Love's Body The entire matter of gender relationship is so caught up in the politics of
Male aggression against women
  • B. Smuts
  • Psychology, Sociology
    Human nature
  • 1992
A comparative, evolutionary perspective is used to generate several hypotheses to help to explain cross-cultural variation in the frequency of male aggression against women.
Chimpanzee Politics: Power and Sex among Apes
This extraordinary account of schmoozing, scheming, and consensus building among the chimpanzees of a large zoo colony in Arnhem, The Netherlands, attracted attention. Throughout this revised edition
Mating systems, philopatry and dispersal in birds and mammals
Gyn/Ecology: The Metaethics of Radical Feminism
You may not be perplexed to enjoy all ebook collections gyn ecology the metaethics of radical feminism mary daly that we will unquestionably offer. It is not in this area the costs. It's more or less