Population Genomics of Stone Age Eurasia
The findings show that although the Stone-Age migrations have been important in shaping contemporary genetic diversity in Eurasia, their dynamics and impact were geographically highly heterogeneous.
Heterogeneous Hunter-Gatherer and Steppe-Related Ancestries in Late Neolithic and Bell Beaker Genomes from Present-Day France
- BiologyCurrent Biology
The Genetic History of France
By performing the first exhaustive study of the genetic structure of France, this work fills a gap in the genetic studies in Europe that would be useful to medical geneticists but also historians and archeologists.
The mitogenome portrait of Umbria in Central Italy as depicted by contemporary inhabitants and pre-Roman remains
- HistoryScientific Reports
This diachronic mtDNA portrait of Umbria fits well with the genome-wide population structure identified on the entire peninsula and with historical sources that list the Umbri among the most ancient Italic populations.
Patterns of genetic connectedness between modern and medieval Estonian genomes reveal the origins of a major ancestry component of the Finnish population.
- BiologyAmerican journal of human genetics
Projecting Ancient Ancestry in Modern-Day Arabians and Iranians: A Key Role of the Past Exposed Arabo-Persian Gulf on Human Migrations
There is strong evidence to include the exposed basin of the Arabo-Persian Gulf as possible home of basal Eurasians, to be investigated further on namely by searching ancient Arabian human specimens.
Out of Africa by spontaneous migration waves
- Environmental SciencebioRxiv
A spatially explicit, stochastic numerical model that includes ongoing mutations, demic diffusion, assortative mating and migration waves suggests that one or more out-of-Africa migrations would probably have been accompanied by numerous smaller migration waves across the world.
Gravettian cranial morphology and human group affinities during the European Upper Palaeolithic
- Geography, Environmental ScienceScientific reports
This study analyzes a large database of well-dated and well-preserved UP crania, including MUP specimens from South-West France (SWF) and Moravia, using 3D geometric morphometrics to test for human group affinities, and shows that the Gravettian makers from these two regions form a remarkably phenetically homogeneous sample.
Identifying admixture and genetic ancestry in human populations via genetic drift pattern
An overview of the key methods to explicitly detect and quantify admixture by the measure of relative genetic drift observed in populations analyzing genome-wide data, especially focusing on autosomal SNP markers is given.
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The genetic prehistory of the Baltic Sea region
- History, Environmental ScienceNature Communications
While the series of events that shaped the transition between foraging societies and food producers are well described for Central and Southern Europe, genetic evidence from Northern Europe…
Ancient Fennoscandian genomes reveal origin and spread of Siberian ancestry in Europe
It is shown that the genetic makeup of northern Europe was shaped by migrations from Siberia that began at least 3500 years ago, and Siberian ancestry was subsequently admixed into many modern populations in the region, particularly into populations speaking Uralic languages today.
The Genomic History of Southeastern Europe
It is shown that southeastern Europe continued to be a nexus between east and west after the arrival of farmers, with intermittent genetic contact with steppe populations occurring up to 2,000 years earlier than the migrations from the steppe that ultimately replaced much of the population of northern Europe.
Origins and Genetic Legacy of Neolithic Farmers and Hunter-Gatherers in Europe
The results suggest that migration from southern Europe catalyzed the spread of agriculture and that admixture in the wake of this expansion eventually shaped the genomic landscape of modern-day Europe.
An early modern human from Romania with a recent Neanderthal ancestor
DNA from a 37,000–42,000-year-old modern human from Peştera cu Oase, Romania is analysed, finding that on the order of 6–9% of the genome of the Oase individual is derived from Neanderthals, more than any other modern human sequenced to date.
The genetic history of Ice Age Europe
Modern humans arrived in Europe ~45,000 years ago, but little is known about their genetic composition before the start of farming ~8,500 years ago. We analyze genome-wide data from 51 Eurasians from…
Genomic structure in Europeans dating back at least 36,200 years
The findings reveal the timing of divergence of western Eurasians and East Asians to be more than 36,200 years ago and that European genomic structure today dates back to the Upper Paleolithic and derives from a metapopulation that at times stretched from Europe to central Asia.
Genomic Analyses of Pre-European Conquest Human Remains from the Canary Islands Reveal Close Affinity to Modern North Africans
- BiologyCurrent Biology
Ancient DNA Reveals Key Stages in the Formation of Central European Mitochondrial Genetic Diversity
This transect through time reveals four key population events associated with well-known archaeological cultures, which involved genetic influx into Central Europe from various directions at various times, revealing a key role for Late Neolithic cultures in shaping modern Central European genetic diversity.
Massive migration from the steppe was a source for Indo-European languages in Europe
We generated genome-wide data from 69 Europeans who lived between 8,000–3,000 years ago by enriching ancient DNA libraries for a target set of almost 400,000 polymorphisms. Enrichment of these…