The evolution of parental care in insects: the roles of ecology, life history and the social environment

@article{Wong2013TheEO,
  title={The evolution of parental care in insects: the roles of ecology, life history and the social environment},
  author={Janine W. Y. Wong and Jo{\"e}l Meunier and Mathias K{\"o}lliker},
  journal={Ecological Entomology},
  year={2013},
  volume={38}
}
Parental care increases the fitness of offspring at a cost to the parents in terms of residual reproductive success. This trade‐off may be affected by ecology, life history and the social environment, which raises the question as to how these factors contribute to the evolution of parental care. Here, previous hypotheses concerning the evolution of parental care in insects are summarized and discussed and the underlying empirical evidence is reviewed. Ecological factors such as harsh… 
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