The evolution of metazoan α-carbonic anhydrases and their roles in calcium carbonate biomineralization

@article{LeRoy2014TheEO,
  title={The evolution of metazoan $\alpha$-carbonic anhydrases and their roles in calcium carbonate biomineralization},
  author={Nathalie Le Roy and Daniel J. Jackson and Benjamin Marie and Paula Ramos-Silva and Fr{\'e}d{\'e}ric Marin},
  journal={Frontiers in Zoology},
  year={2014},
  volume={11},
  pages={1-16}
}
The carbonic anhydrase (CA; EC 4.2.1.1) superfamily is a class of ubiquitous metallo-enzymes that catalyse the reversible hydration of carbon dioxide. The α-CA family, present in all metazoan clades, is a key enzyme involved in a wide range of physiological functions including pH regulation, respiration, photosynthesis, and biocalcification. This paper reviews the evolution of the α-CA family, with an emphasis on metazoan α-CA members involved in biocalcification. Phylogenetic analyses reveal a… 

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The diversity of molecular mechanisms of carbonate biomineralization by bacteria

A large number of cases illustrating the three different modes of bacterially-mediated CaCO3 mineralization are listed, which shows the broad diversity of metabolic pathways, organic molecules and thereby microorganisms that can biomineralize Ca CO3.
...

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