In previous work [Jabbari, K., Rayko, E., Bernardi, G., 2003. The major shifts of human duplicated genes. Gene 317, 203-208], we investigated the fate of ancient duplicated genes after the compositional transitions that occurred between the genomes of cold- and warm-blooded vertebrates. We found that the majority of duplicated copies were transposed to the "ancestral genome core", the gene-dense genome compartment that underwent a GC enrichment at the compositional transitions. Here, we studied the consequences of the events just outlined on the introns of duplicated genes. We found that, while intron number was highly conserved, total intron size (the sum of intron sizes within any given gene) was smaller in the GC-rich copies compared to the GC-poor copies, especially in dispersed copies (i.e., copies located on different chromosomes or chromosome arms). GC-rich copies also showed higher densities of CpG islands and Alus, whereas GC-poor copies were characterized by higher densities of LINEs. The features of the copies that underwent the compositional transition and became GC-richer are suggestive of, or related to, functional changes.