The evolution of female social relationships in nonhuman primates

  title={The evolution of female social relationships in nonhuman primates},
  author={Elisabeth H. M. Sterck and David P. Watts and Carel P. van Schaik},
  journal={Behavioral Ecology and Sociobiology},
Abstract Considerable interspecific variation in female social relationships occurs in gregarious primates, particularly with regard to agonism and cooperation between females and to the quality of female relationships with males. This variation exists alongside variation in female philopatry and dispersal. Socioecological theories have tried to explain variation in female-female social relationships from an evolutionary perspective focused on ecological factors, notably predation and food… 

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