The evolution of dioecy, heterodichogamy, and labile sex expression in Acer.

  title={The evolution of dioecy, heterodichogamy, and labile sex expression in Acer.},
  author={Susanne S Renner and Ludwig Beenken and Guido W Grimm and Alexander Kocyan and Robert E. Ricklefs},
  journal={Evolution; international journal of organic evolution},
  volume={61 11},
The northern hemisphere tree genus Acer comprises 124 species, most of them monoecious, but 13 dioecious. The monoecious species flower dichogamously, duodichogamously (male, female, male), or in some species heterodichogamously (two morphs that each produce male and female flowers but at reciprocal times). Dioecious species cannot engage in these temporal strategies. Using a phylogeny for 66 species and subspecies obtained from 6600 nucleotides of chloroplast introns, spacers, and a protein… CONTINUE READING
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