The evolution of cooperation.

@article{Axelrod1981TheEO,
  title={The evolution of cooperation.},
  author={Robert Axelrod and William David Hamilton},
  journal={Science},
  year={1981},
  volume={211 4489},
  pages={1390-6}
}
Cooperation in organisms, whether bacteria or primates, has been a difficulty for evolutionary theory since Darwin. On the assumption that interactions between pairs of individuals occur on a probabilistic basis, a model is developed based on the concept of an evolutionarily stable strategy in the context of the Prisoner's Dilemma game. Deductions from the model, and the results of a computer tournament show how cooperation based on reciprocity can get started in an asocial world, can thrive… CONTINUE READING
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