The evolution of cities: Geddes, Abercrombie and the new physicalism

  title={The evolution of cities: Geddes, Abercrombie and the new physicalism},
  author={M. Batty and S. Marshall},
  journal={Town Planning Review},
One hundred years ago, the first coordinated reactions to the urban chaos of the industrial revolution were being established though a system of centralised planning, while the rudiments of a theory underpinning this collective action were also being fashioned, through the writings and rhetoric of Patrick Geddes. Drawing on Darwin's theory of natural selection, he laid the foundations for a response to urban growth that drew loosely on ideas of evolution, but which ultimately became established… Expand
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