The evolution of bonding in orthodontics.

  • Paul Gange
  • Published 2015 in
    American journal of orthodontics and dentofacial…


In the early days of fixed-appliance orthodontic treatment, brackets were welded to gold or stainless steel bands. Before treatment, the orthodontist had to create enough space around each tooth to accommodate the bands, and then those spaces had to be closed at the end of treatment, when the bands were removed. This was time-consuming for the orthodontist… (More)
DOI: 10.1016/j.ajodo.2015.01.011


Figures and Tables

Sorry, we couldn't extract any figures or tables for this paper.

Slides referencing similar topics