The evolution and structure of pulsar wind nebulae

@article{Gaensler2006TheEA,
  title={The evolution and structure of pulsar wind nebulae},
  author={Bryan M. Gaensler and Patrick Slane},
  journal={Annual Review of Astronomy and Astrophysics},
  year={2006},
  volume={44},
  pages={17-47}
}
AbstractPulsars steadily dissipate their rotational energy via relativistic winds. Confinement of these outflows generates luminous pulsar wind nebulae, seen across the electromagnetic spectrum in ... 

Figures from this paper

Introduction to Pulsar Wind Nebulae
The ejected material by a SN explosion interacts with the surrounding environment, giving rise to a new astrophysical object known as SNR (for a review of this matter, I refer the reader to (ReynoldsExpand
Of Winds and Waves
Recent work on the properties of superluminal waves in pulsar winds is summarized. It is speculated that these waves play an important role in the termination shock that divides the wind from theExpand
Particle transport within the pulsar wind nebula HESS J1825–137
Context. We present a detailed view of the pulsar wind nebula (PWN) HESS J1825–137. We aim to constrain the mechanisms dominating the particle transport within the nebula, accounting for itsExpand
Pulsar-Wind Nebulae
In this review we describe recent observational and theoretical developments in our understanding of pulsar winds and pulsar-wind nebulae (PWNe). We put special emphasis on the results fromExpand
Pulsar Wind Nebulae
The extended nebulae formed as pulsar winds expand into their surroundings provide information about the composition of the winds, the injection history from the host pulsar, and the material intoExpand
Introduction to Pulsar Wind Nebulae
Pulsar Wind Nebulae are nebulae of electrons and positrons powered by a central pulsar. In this chapter I give a detailed description of star evolution, centered on the description of supernovaExpand
Detection of the Energetic Pulsar PSR B1509–58 and its Pulsar Wind Nebula in MSH 15–52 Using the Fermi-Large Area Telescope
We report the detection of high-energy gamma-ray emission from the young and energetic pulsar PSR B1509-58 and its pulsar wind nebula (PWN) in the composite supernova remnant G320.4-1.2 (aka MSH 15Expand
The helical jet of the Vela Pulsar
We have studied the fascinating dynamics of the nearby Vela pulsar's nebula in a campaign comprising eleven 40ks observations with Chandra X-ray Observatory (CXO). The deepest yet images revealed theExpand
Fermi large area telescope observations of the vela-x pulsar wind nebula
We report on gamma-ray observations in the off-pulse window of the Vela pulsar PSR B0833-45 using 11 months of survey data from the Fermi Large Area Telescope (LAT). This pulsar is located in the 8Expand
The Theory of Pulsar Winds and Nebulae
Summary. We review current theoretical ideas on pulsar winds and their surrounding nebulae. Relativistic MHD models of the wind of the aligned rotator, and of the striped wind, together with modelsExpand
...
1
2
3
4
5
...

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 267 REFERENCES
Magnetohydrodynamic model of Crab nebula radiation
The properties of the synchrotron continuum are calculated on the basis of a steady spherically symmetric MHD model of the flow in the Crab nebula. The model accounts for the spectral distribution ofExpand
Cooling and evolution of a supernova remnant.
Discussion of the structure, evolution, and cooling of an old supernova remnant, aimed at providing a theoretical framework for relating remnants with similar energies and environments but ofExpand
Confinement of the Crab pulsar's wind by its supernova remnant
We construct a steady state, spherically symmetric, magnetohydrodynamic model of the Crab nebual. A highly relativistic, positronic pulsar wind is terminated by a strong MHD shock that deceleratesExpand
Rotating Neutron Stars and the Nature of Pulsars
Recent observations of pulsars support the rotating neutron star hypothesis.
Structure of relativistic shocks in pulsar winds: A model of the wisps in the Crab Nebula
We propose a model of a optical 'wisps' of the Crab Nebula, features observed in the nebular synchrotron surface brightness near the central pulsar, as manifestations of the internal structure of theExpand
Radio halos around old pulsars: ghost supernova remnants
Old pulsars are expected to be surrounded by radio halos caused by relativistic electrons generated by the pulsar and diffusing away at the local Alfven speed. The nonthermal source observed aroundExpand
Pulsar Nebulae in Supernovae
Pulsars are expected to be born inside Type II supernovae, and the nebulae generated by their spin-down power thus initially interact with the expanding supernova gas. The hydrodynamic interactionExpand
An X-ray Nebula Associated with the Millisecond Pulsar B1957+20
TLDR
An x-ray nebula detected around the binary millisecond pulsar B1957+20 indicates that the efficiency with which relativistic particles are accelerated in the postshock flow is similar to that for young pulsars, despite the shock proximity and much weaker surface magnetic field of this millisecOND pulsar. Expand
Synchrotron nebulae created by anisotropic magnetized pulsar winds
In this paper, we give a detailed description of the first attempt to study the properties of the flow produced by a magnetized pulsar wind within a plerionic nebula via fully relativisticExpand
On the magnetization and origin of the millisecond pulsar 1937 + 214
Lack of an analogue of the Crab Nebula around PSR1937 + 214 is shown to be consistent with theory of pulsar magnetospheres only if the surface magnetic field is unusually weak, ∼109 G. PredictionsExpand
...
1
2
3
4
5
...