The ethics of disseminating dual-use knowledge

  title={The ethics of disseminating dual-use knowledge},
  author={Frida Kuhlau and Anna T. H{\"o}glund and Stefan Eriksson and Kathinka Evers},
  journal={Research Ethics},
  pages={19 - 6}
In 2011, for the first time ever, two scientific journals were asked not to publish research papers in full detail. The research in question was on the H5N1 influenza virus (bird flu), and the concern was that the expected public health benefits of disseminating the findings did not outweigh the potential harm should the knowledge be misused for malicious purposes. This constraint raises important ethical concerns as it collides with scientific freedom and openness. In this article, we argue… 
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Governance of dual-use research: an ethical dilemma.
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  • 2009
This paper reviews several controversial publications that have been the focus of debates about dual-use life science research and critically examines relevant policy developments, particularly in the United States of America.
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At the start of the twenty-first century, warnings have been raised in some quarters about how – by intent or by mishap – advances in biotechnology and related fields could aid the spread of disease.
A Tale of Two Studies: Ethics, Bioterrorism, and the Censorship of Science
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    The Hastings Center report
  • 2007
Some scientific research should not be published because the risks to national security and public health override the social benefits of disseminating scientific results openly, as the National Research Council has proposed.
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    Studies in ethics, law, and technology
  • 2010
This commentary argues that scientists can regulate dual use research, provided that they are committed to developing effective dual use policies and a culture of shared responsibility.
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The need for scientists to disseminate widely their research results often conflicts with the United States government's requirement that certain information be withheld from foreign adversaries. The
Forbidding Science: Some Beginning Reflections
  • L. Kass
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    Sci. Eng. Ethics
  • 2009
The task of governing the uses of dangerous knowledge is daunting, and there is little evidence that the authors have the will or the wisdom to do it well.