The equal effectiveness of different defensive strategies

  title={The equal effectiveness of different defensive strategies},
  author={Shuang Zhang and Yanling Zhang and Keming Ma},
  booktitle={Scientific reports},
Plants have evolved a variety of defensive strategies to resist herbivory, but at the interspecific level, the relative effectiveness of these strategies has been poorly evaluated. In this study, we compared the level of herbivory between species that depend on ants as indirect defenders and species that rely primarily on their own direct defenses. Using a dataset of 871 species and 1,405 data points, we found that in general, ant-associated species had levels of herbivory equal to those of… CONTINUE READING
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