The epidemiology of myopia.

  title={The epidemiology of myopia.},
  author={John Fritz Angle and Dieter Wissmann},
  journal={American journal of epidemiology},
  volume={111 2},
Many people have reduced unaided vision because of myopia, a spherical error of refraction. The biological theory of myopia views myopia as the result of genetically determined characteristics of eye tissues, whereas the use-abuse theory views myopia as the result of habitual use of the eye at a near focal length, near-work. The use-abuse theory implies that myopia is preventable whereas the biological theory does not. Myopia varies over age, gender, race, ethnicity, level of education, social… CONTINUE READING

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