The epidemiology of hand eczema in the general population – prevalence and main findings *

  title={The epidemiology of hand eczema in the general population – prevalence and main findings *},
  author={Jacob Pontoppidan Thyssen and Jeanne Duus Johansen and Allan Linneberg and Torkil Menn{\'e}},
  journal={Contact Dermatitis},
Numerous studies have investigated the prevalence and risk factors of hand eczema in the general population. These studies are of high value as they tend to be less biased than studies using clinical populations and as they are important for healthcare decision makers when they allocate resources. This study aimed to review the epidemiology of hand eczema in the general population. 

Hand eczema in The Odense Adolescence Cohort Study on Atopic Diseases and Dermatitis (TOACS): prevalence, incidence and risk factors from adolescence to adulthood

No studies have followed unselected adolescents from primary school into adult life to evaluate the course and risk factors for hand eczema in unselected adults.

Risk factors of hand eczema: A population‐based study among 900 subjects

Many risk factors such as atopic dermatitis (AD) have shown to associate with hand eczema (HE). However, studies concerning other atopic diseases, parental or longitudinal risk factors of HE are

Prevalence, incidence, and severity of hand eczema in the general population – A systematic review and meta‐analysis

HE was a recurrent, long‐lasting disease with an average age at onset of the early‐ to mid‐twenties and a significant risk of long‐term or chronic disease.

An analysis of gender differences in patients with hand eczema – everyday exposures, severity, and consequences

Hand eczema is often related to high‐risk occupations and aggravating exposures in everyday life. The disease is twice as frequent in women as in men, partly because of diverse exposure patterns.

Prevalence of, and work‐related risk factors for, hand eczema in a Norwegian general population (The HUNT Study)

Chemical exposures at work and at home may cause hand eczema. However, this has been scarcely described for Norway.

Medical, psychological and socio‐economic implications of chronic hand eczema: a cross‐sectional study

Hand eczema (HE) is a common skin disease with major medical psychological and socio‐economic implications. Onset and prognosis of HE are determined by individual as well as environmental factors. So

Hand eczema and steroid‐refractory chronic hand eczema in general practice: prevalence and initial treatment

The self‐reported annual prevalence of hand eczema (HE) in adults is about 10%. Incidence and prevalence data for HE, chronic HE (CHE) and steroid‐refractory CHE (SR‐CHE) in physician‐attended

Prevalence and Severity of Hand Eczema in the Dutch General Population: A Cross-sectional, Questionnaire Study within the Lifelines Cohort Study

Future epidemiological studies in the general population should include data about chronic hand eczema and severity of hand Eczema, as this can provide perspective on the burden of hand ecZema.

Prevalence, incidence and predictive factors for hand eczema in young adults – a follow-up study

After 13 years an increased 1-year prevalence of hand eczema was found and the significant risk factors for hand Eczema changed over time from endogenous to exogenous factors.

Prevalence of skin disease in a population‐based sample of adults from five European countries

There is a lack of prevalence data on skin diseases in the general adult population; most studies have been carried out in small, national or consecutive clinical samples.



Medical consultations in relation to severity of hand eczema in the general population

Background Hand eczema is a common disease with a wide severity spectrum. Little information exists concerning the association between the severity of hand eczema and medical consultations.

Incidence of hand eczema-a population-based retrospective study.

In a Poisson regression analysis, female sex, childhood eczema, and asthma/hay fever were all significantly associated with hand ecZema, but only at ages below 30 y, and a moderate influence of recall bias and a probable tendency to underreport imply the incidence rates presented are to be considered as minimum rates.

Self‐reported skin morbidity in Oslo. Associations with sociodemographic factors among adults in a cross‐sectional study

A questionnaire on self‐reported skin complaints has recently been developed and validated for use in population surveys, but has not been used until now on prevalence of skin diseases in the population.

Incidence of hand eczema in a population‐based twin cohort: genetic and environmental risk factors

A large number of the patients in this trial had at least one prior history of eczema and the once-in-a-lifetime treatment with corticosteroids may have contributed to the disease.

Hand eczema and quality of life: a population‐based study

Health‐related quality of life (HRQoL) is increasingly being measured in dermatology and hand eczema is a common disease in the population and is of interest from a public health perspective.

Prevalence of hand eczema in an adult Swedish population and the relationship to risk occupation and smoking.

Using a postal questionnaire the prevalence of hand eczema was determined in a general population of 11,798 individuals aged 20-77 years who were randomly drawn from the population records. The

Prevalence of hand eczema in an industrial city

Analysis of drop‐outs showed that willingness to attend the dermatological examination was to some extent dependent on the severity of the hand eczema.

The effect of tobacco smoking and alcohol consumption on the prevalence of self‐reported hand eczema: a cross‐sectional population‐based study

It has been debated whether life‐style factors such as tobacco smoking and alcohol consumption are associated with hand eczema, and important risk factors include atopic dermatitis, contact allergy and wet work.

Epidemiology of different types of hand eczema in an industrial city.

Atopic hand eczema seemed to be most unfavourable, with a long duration, high continuity of symptoms and extensive involvement, while allergic contact dermatitis had a lower but approximately equal prevalence.

The prevalence of nickel allergy among women. An epidemiological study in hospitalized female patients.

  • T. Menné
  • Medicine
    Dermatosen in Beruf und Umwelt. Occupation and environment
  • 1978
It is concluded, that larger epidemiologic studies are necessary to evaluate the frequence of hand eczema in nickel sensitive patients and its prognosis in relation to environmental factors.