The epidemiology of cerebral palsy: Incidence, impairments and risk factors

  title={The epidemiology of cerebral palsy: Incidence, impairments and risk factors},
  author={Else Odding and Marij Eugenie Roebroeck and Henk J. Stam},
  journal={Disability and Rehabilitation},
  pages={183 - 191}
Purpose. Describing the epidemiology of cerebral palsy (CP), its impairments and risk factors. Method. Literature review 1965 – 2004. Search terms: Cerebral palsy, incidence, prevalence, impairments, risk factors. Results. In the last 40 years the prevalence of CP has risen to well above 2.0 per 1000 life births. In this time span the proportion of low-birthweight infants rose, the proportion of diplegia decreased, while the proportion of hemiplegia increased. CP is more prevalent in more… 
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The prevalence of cerebral palsy has increased among all the low birthweight groups with, most recently, an increase in infants weighing < 1000 g at birth, which has implications for the aetiology of the condition, and for health, educational, and social service provision.
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