The epidemiology and pathophysiology of lumbar disc herniations

  title={The epidemiology and pathophysiology of lumbar disc herniations},
  author={Gregory D. Schroeder and Christine A. Guyre and Alexander R. Vaccaro},
  journal={Seminars in Spine Surgery},
Abstract Lumbar intervertebral disc herniations are the most common causes for working-age individuals to undergo lumbar spine surgery. Patients with a family history of disc disease or are in physically demanding jobs, or who have certain medical comorbidities such as obesity, are at an increased risk of developing a lumbar disc herniation. Symptomatic herniations present as lumbar radiculopathy from both a mechanical compression and chemical irritation of the nerve root. 

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