The epidemiology and global burden of autism spectrum disorders

@article{Baxter2014TheEA,
  title={The epidemiology and global burden of autism spectrum disorders},
  author={Amanda J. Baxter and Traolach Brugha and Holly E Erskine and Roman W. Scheurer and Theo Vos and J. G. Scott},
  journal={Psychological Medicine},
  year={2014},
  volume={45},
  pages={601 - 613}
}
Background Autism spectrum disorders (ASDs) are persistent disabling neurodevelopmental disorders clinically evident from early childhood. For the first time, the burden of ASDs has been estimated for the Global Burden of Disease Study 2010 (GBD 2010). The aims of this study were to develop global and regional prevalence models and estimate the global burden of disease of ASDs. Method A systematic review was conducted for epidemiological data (prevalence, incidence, remission and mortality risk… 
Autism spectrum disorder and parental conceiving age
Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) is a highly prevalent condition worldwide. Data from epidemiological studies show an estimated median prevalence of 62 per 10 000 people, with a homogeneous
The Global Burden of Mental, Neurological and Substance Use Disorders: An Analysis from the Global Burden of Disease Study 2010
TLDR
Mental, neurological and substance use disorders contribute to a significant proportion of disease burden and health systems can respond by implementing established, cost effective interventions, or by supporting the research necessary to develop better prevention and treatment options.
Premature mortality in autism spectrum disorder
TLDR
Premature mortality was markedly increased in ASD owing to a multitude of medical conditions and Mortality and patterns for cause-specific mortality were partly moderated by gender and general intellectual ability.
The global coverage of prevalence data for mental disorders in children and adolescents
TLDR
The global coverage of prevalence data for mental disorders in children and adolescents is limited and practical methodology must be developed and epidemiological surveys funded to provide representative prevalence estimates so as to inform appropriate resource allocation and support policies that address mental health needs ofChildren and adolescents.
Epidemiology of autism in adults across age groups and ability levels
TLDR
Few adults with autism have intellectual disability; however, autism is more prevalent in this population than in previous studies, and autism measures may miss more women with autism.
The economic costs and its predictors for childhood autism spectrum disorders in Ireland: How is the burden distributed?
TLDR
Regression analyses indicate that autism spectrum disorder severity is significantly associated with higher out of pocket expenditures but not state health expenditures, and suggest that parents are central to meeting the needs of young people with autism spectrum disorders in Ireland.
Developmental disabilities among children younger than 5 years in 195 countries and territories, 1990–2016: a systematic analysis for the Global Burden of Disease Study 2016
  • Bolajoko O. Adrian C. Donald Nem-Yun M.K.C. Ricardo Hannah Olusanya Davis Wertlieb Boo Nair Halpern Kuper Bre, B. Olusanya, N. Kassebaum
  • Medicine
    The Lancet. Global health
  • 2018
A Survey of Epidemiological Studies and Risk Factors of ASD, with a Focus on China
TLDR
It’s vital to better define ASD prevalence and understand its risk factors in different regions of the world, in order to help prevent, diagnose and treat this group of diseases.
Autism spectrum disorder: Presentation and prevalence in a nationally representative Australian sample
TLDR
In both cohorts, children with autism spectrum disorder had poorer mean quality of life, emotional-behavioural functioning and receptive vocabulary compared with non-autism spectrum disorder peers, and a higher proportion of children with Autism Spectrum Disorder had problems in these areas.
...
1
2
3
4
5
...

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 67 REFERENCES
The global burden of conduct disorder and attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder in 2010.
TLDR
The Global Burden of Disease Study 2010 (GBD 2010) is the first to include conduct disorder (CD) and attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) for burden quantification, and the global burden of CD and ADHD is significant, particularly in male children.
Epidemiology of autism spectrum disorders in adults in the community in England.
TLDR
The prevalence of ASD in this population is similar to that found in children, and the lack of an association with age is consistent with there having been no increase in prevalence and with its causes being temporally constant.
Prevalence of autism spectrum disorders in a total population sample.
TLDR
It is suggested that rigorous screening and comprehensive population coverage are necessary to produce more accurate ASD prevalence estimates and underscore the need for better detection, assessment, and services.
The epidemiology of autism spectrum disorders.
TLDR
Future epidemiologic research should focus on expanding population-based descriptive data on ASDs, exploring candidate risk factors in large well-designed studies incorporating both genetic and environmental exposure data and addressing possible etiologic heterogeneity in studies that can stratify case groups and consider alternate endophenotypes.
Global Epidemiology of Mental Disorders: What Are We Missing?
TLDR
North America and Australasia had the most complete prevalence data for mental disorders while coverage was highly variable across Europe, Latin America, and Asia Pacific, and poor in other regions of Asia and Africa.
The incidence and prevalence of pervasive developmental disorders: a Danish population-based study
TLDR
It is found that the estimated prevalences of the PDDs studied were probably underestimated, and the increasing prevalence and incidence rates during the 1990s may well be explained by changes in the registration procedures and more awareness of the disorders, although a true increase in the incidence cannot be ruled out.
Epidemiological findings of pervasive developmental disorders in a Venezuelan study
TLDR
The study determined the prevalence of autism spectrum disorders for children receiving services in Maracaibo County, Venezuela with an ASD prevalence of 1.7 per 1000 should alert the health and education authorities to the need to reassess the services available for children with these disorders and their families.
Autism and Related Disorders: Epidemiological Findings in a Norwegian Study Using ICD-10 Diagnostic Criteria
TLDR
In this Norwegian population of children ages 3–14 years the minimum prevalence estimate for childhood autism was 4–5 per 10,000 using ICD-10 research criteria, and did not confirm the high estimates suggested more recently.
...
1
2
3
4
5
...