The environmental eScience revolution

@article{Gurney2008TheEE,
  title={The environmental eScience revolution},
  author={Roy Gurney and N.S Badcock and Elizabeth A. Garnett and H. Charles J. Godfray},
  journal={Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society A: Mathematical, Physical and Engineering Sciences},
  year={2008},
  volume={367},
  pages={803 - 813}
}
  • R. Gurney, N.S Badcock, H. Godfray
  • Published 13 March 2009
  • Computer Science
  • Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society A: Mathematical, Physical and Engineering Sciences
Environmental science is in the midst of a revolution, catalysed by advances in the computer and information sciences. The ever increasing power of computers is widening the range of problems that can be explored by intensive computational analysis, while modern connectivity at both high and low 

Tables from this paper

The Hierarchic Treatment of Marine Ecological Information from Spatial Networks of Benthic Platforms
TLDR
A conceptual overview on the technological developments in the multiparametric generation, storage, and automated hierarchic treatment of biological and environmental information required to capture the spatiotemporal complexity of a marine ecosystem is provided.
A Cyber-Based Data-Enabled Virtual Organization for Wind Load Effects on Civil Infrastructures: VORTEX-Winds
Despite many advances in the area of wind effects on structures in recent decades, research has been traditionally conducted within limited resources scattered geographically. With the trend toward

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 31 REFERENCES
The computational future for climate and Earth system models: on the path to petaflop and beyond
TLDR
Some of the climate model history will be presented, along with some of the successes and difficulties encountered with present-day supercomputer systems.
Information in environmental data grids
TLDR
An information taxonomy and two information components, which have been built for a specific application, are presented and both are deployed in the UK NERC DataGrid as described elsewhere.
Storm tracking and eScience
  • Lizzie S. R. Froude
  • Computer Science
    Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society A: Mathematical, Physical and Engineering Sciences
  • 2008
TLDR
This paper provides a brief illustration of the type of results/information that can be obtained using the new storm-tracking approach and describes in detail how eScience methodologies have been used to help apply the storm- tracking approach to very large datasets.
Modelling the global coastal ocean
  • J. Holt, J. Harle, Gregory C. Smith
  • Environmental Science
    Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society A: Mathematical, Physical and Engineering Sciences
  • 2008
TLDR
A system for simulating all the coastal regions around the world in a systematic and practical fashion based on automatically generating multiple nested model domains, using the Proudman Oceanographic Laboratory Coastal Ocean Modelling System coupled to the European Regional Seas Ecosystem Model is presented.
eScience for molecular-scale simulations and the eMinerals project
  • E. Salje, E. Artacho, T. White
  • Computer Science
    Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society A: Mathematical, Physical and Engineering Sciences
  • 2008
TLDR
A number of diverse science applications will illustrate how these tools are being used for large parameter-sweep studies, an emerging type of study for which the integration of computing, data and collaboration is essential.
Using GENIE to study a tipping point in the climate system
TLDR
Test general methods that have been developed to directly diagnose, from time-series data, the proximity of a ‘tipping element’, such as the THC to a bifurcation point, as a threshold for the collapse of the Atlantic thermohaline circulation.
Integrating computing, data and collaboration grids: the RMCS tool
TLDR
Although the RMCS system was developed as a prototype, it is now in production use and a number of scientific studies have been completed using it.
The NERC DataGrid services
  • S. Latham, R. Cramer, A. Woolf
  • Computer Science
    Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society A: Mathematical, Physical and Engineering Sciences
  • 2008
This short paper outlines the key components of the NERC DataGrid: a discovery service, a vocabulary service and a software stack deployed both centrally to provide a data discovery portal, and at
Developing the next-generation climate system models: challenges and achievements
  • J. Slingo, K. Bates, H. Weller
  • Environmental Science
    Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society A: Mathematical, Physical and Engineering Sciences
  • 2008
TLDR
It is argued that it may be time to reconsider the use of adaptive mesh refinement for weather and climate forecasting in order to achieve good scaling and representation of the wide range of spatial scales in the atmosphere and ocean.
Taxonomy as an eScience
TLDR
The CATE system rests on taxonomic expertise and judgement, rather than using aggregation technology to accumulate taxonomic information from across the Web, to accumulate consensus or consolidated taxonomies in the form of Web-based revisions.
...
...