The energy costs of surgery as measured by the doubly labeled water (2H218O) method.


Energy expenditure before and after surgery was determined in seven patients by the doubly labeled water (2H218O) method (DLW). The values were compared with values obtained by respiratory gas exchange by means of a metabolic measuring cart (MMC). Patients were maintained on total parenteral nutrition before and after trauma. The principal finding was an… (More)


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