The energy and emergy of the internet

@inproceedings{Raghavan2011TheEA,
  title={The energy and emergy of the internet},
  author={Barath Raghavan and Justin Ma},
  booktitle={HotNets-X},
  year={2011}
}
Recent years have seen a flurry of energy-efficient networking research. But does decreasing the energy used by the Internet actually save society much energy? To answer this question, we estimate the Internet's energy consumption. We include embodied energy (emergy)---the energy required to construct the Internet---a quantity that has often been ignored in previous work. We find that while in absolute terms the Internet uses significant energy, this quantity is negligible when compared with… Expand

Tables and Topics from this paper

Energy‐Efficient Protocol Design
TLDR
This chapter proposes a general taxonomy for edge devices, and surveys the main proposals appeared in the literature on eliminating, or reducing, energy wastes due to edge devices. Expand
The Emerging Energy Internet: Architecture, Benefits, Challenges, and Future Prospects
Energy Internet is a concept proposed to harness, control, and manage energy resources effectively, with the help of information and communication technology. It improves a reliability of the system,Expand
An energy-efficiency assessment of Content Centric Networking (CCN)
  • M. Butt, Oscar Delgado, M. Coates
  • Engineering, Computer Science
  • 2012 25th IEEE Canadian Conference on Electrical and Computer Engineering (CCECE)
  • 2012
TLDR
An energy consumption analysis of content-centric networking and IP-based networking for a video streaming scenario and observes that both the incorporation of an online rate adaptation mechanism as well as a static network provisioning approach can lead to an energy consumption reduction of 10-20 percent. Expand
A Review of Top-Down Models of Internet Network Energy Intensity
TLDR
It is found that the energy intensity of the general Internet network in the year 2014 varies between 0.05 and 0.6 kWh/GB when top-down modeling is applied which is considerably lower than previous estimates had. Expand
A Green Analysis of the Content Centric Networking Architecture
Content-Centric Networking (CCN) is a recently proposed networking architecture that can potentially lead to reduced bandwidth usage and better scalability and security as compared to the currentExpand
Major Dynamic Power Management methods in wired networks: A new taxonomy
Electricity consumption of Information and Communications Technology (ICT) reached a total of about 900 TWh per year in 2012 and electricity generation for ICT continues to contribute over 2% of theExpand
Demonstration of an ultra-low latency energy efficient internet for cloud computing
  • T. Szymanski
  • Computer Science
  • 2014 IEEE 11th Consumer Communications and Networking Conference (CCNC)
  • 2014
TLDR
An Enhanced-Internet network which supports 'ultra-low-latency' energy efficient communications for cloud services is demonstrated, which can achieve significantly improved performance and energy-efficiency, by utilizing the idle-periods in data-centers. Expand
A Survey on Energy Internet: Architecture, Approach, and Emerging Technologies
TLDR
An introduction and the motivation to the evolution from smart grid to EI are presented and a representative EI architecture is introduced, i.e., the future renewable electric energy delivery and management system. Expand
Electricity Intensity of Internet Data Transmission: Untangling the Estimates
In order to understand the electricity use of Internet services, it is important to have accurate estimates for the average electricity intensity of transmitting data through the Internet (measuredExpand
Measuring and modeling the power consumption of OpenFlow switches
TLDR
Measurements and derived power consumption models for two SDN devices, namely an OpenFlow-based hardware switch and the Open vSwitch running on server grade hardware, are presented. Expand
...
1
2
3
4
5
...

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 48 REFERENCES
Greening of the internet
In this paper we examine the somewhat controversial subject of energy consumption of networking devices in the Internet, motivated by data collected by the U.S. Department of Commerce. We discuss theExpand
How green is IP-telephony?
TLDR
It is found that even with efficient peers a peer-to-peer architecture can be less energy efficient than a client-server architecture and the presence of NATs in the network is a major obstacle in building energy efficient VoIP systems. Expand
Networking in the long emergency
TLDR
Why this scenario---whose vague outline is known to many but whose consequences are generally understood only by the scientists who study it---is likely is reviewed, and the specific impacts that it would have on network infrastructure and networking research are articulated. Expand
Reducing lifecycle energy use of network switches
The networking infrastructure is becoming a growing portion of the energy footprint in data centers as well as information technology in general. In this paper, we evaluate energy managementExpand
Shipping to streaming: is this shift green?
TLDR
By taking advantage of recently proposed "greening of IT" techniques in the research literature for the serving and transmission of the movie, the energy consumption and carbon footprint of streaming can be reduced to approximately 30% and 65% respectively of that of shipping. Expand
Rethinking energy efficiency models of cellular networks with embodied energy
TLDR
A new cellular network energy efficiency model with embodied energy is proposed, and optimization between the number of cells and their coverage is investigated, finding that embodied energy accounts for a significant proportion of total energy consumption and cannot be neglected. Expand
Hot Data Centers vs. Cool Peers
TLDR
This paper presents an outline of a model that allows us to compare the energy consumed by a p2p system to its centralized counterpart and shows that numerous factors such as power consumption of routers, whether the application is communication vs. computation heavy and the efficiency of the protocol design affect the overall power consumption. Expand
Report to Congress on Server and Data Center Energy Efficiency: Public Law 109-431
This report was prepared in response to the request from Congress stated in Public Law 109-431 (H.R. 5646),"An Act to Study and Promote the Use of Energy Efficient Computer Servers in the UnitedExpand
An Analysis of Power Consumption in a Smartphone
TLDR
A detailed analysis of the power consumption of a recent mobile phone, the Openmoko Neo Freerunner, measuring not only overall system power, but the exact breakdown of power consumption by the device's main hardware components. Expand
Green server design: beyond operational energy to sustainability
TLDR
This paper argues that to understand the total impact, the entire lifecycle of the system needs to be examined, beyond operational energy to also include material use and manufacturing, and presents a methodology that allows such a lifecycle analysis. Expand
...
1
2
3
4
5
...