The energetic costs of mounting an immune response in Pallas ’ s long-tongued bat ( Glossophaga soricina )

Activation of immune response has been long assumed to be an energy-costly process but direct measures of changes in metabolic rate after eliciting immune response disputes the universality of this assertion. The acute phase response (APR) is the first line of defense of the vertebrate immune system against pathogens and is thought to be energetically… CONTINUE READING