The emerging phenomenon of electronic cigarettes

  title={The emerging phenomenon of electronic cigarettes},
  author={Pasquale Caponnetto and D. Campagna and Gabriella A. Papale and Cristina Russo and Riccardo Polosa},
  journal={Expert Review of Respiratory Medicine},
  pages={63 - 74}
The need for novel and more effective approaches to tobacco control is unquestionable. The electronic cigarette is a battery-powered electronic nicotine delivery system that looks very similar to a conventional cigarette and is capable of emulating smoking, but without the combustion products accountable for smoking’s damaging effects. Smokers who decide to switch to electronic cigarettes instead of continuing to smoke would achieve large health gains. The electronic cigarette is an emerging… 
Do electronic cigarettes help with smoking cessation?
  • Medicine
    Drug and Therapeutics Bulletin
  • 2014
The regulatory and safety issues associated with the use of e-cigarettes, and their efficacy in smoking cessation and reduction are considered.
Electronic cigarettes: Human Friend or Foe
This review looks into the data which has been already published with effects on the human health and also the effects of exposure to e-cigarettes and their components to help make electronic cigarettes more effective as smoking substitutes and will label them as a safe or unsafe alternative.
The Efficacy and Safety of Electronic Cigarettes as a Tobacco Cessation Product
E-cigarettes have been shown to increase cessation rates without significant adverse effects, however, quality of the e-cigarette was inconsistent and there is a lack of evidence to support routinely recommending the use of electronic cigarettes for smoking cessation at this time.
There is a need for more in-depth studies on not only the constitution of e-cigarette products, but also to ascertain whether these produce significant harmful health effects to their users in the short term or in the long run.
E-cigarettes: an up to date review and discussion of the controversy.
The purpose of this article is to assess the literature on e-cigarettes and establish perceptions and attitudes on this controversial subject.
Electronic cigarette: a possible substitute for cigarette dependence.
Electronic cigarettes may provide a coping mechanism for conditioned smoking cues by replacing some of the rituals associated with smoking gestures, and for these reasons cigarette could become a tool--if studied more extensively--in the fight against tobacco-related morbidity and mortality.
Characteristic of nicotine delivery devices – electronic cigarettes – as a tool to fight against tobacco dependence
The aim of the study is the analysis of specialized scientific literature and the review of data about the modern views on the electronic devices of nicotine delivery – electronic cigarettes from the view of evidence-based medicine regarding existing EC modifications, the impact of their use on the human body at the cellular and systemic levels.
Are we with e-cigarette as a friend or against it as a foe?
Evaluating the immediate effect of e-cigarette vapors on airway mechanics found a significant increase in peripheral airway resistance of the first group, in which individuals vaped a nicotine-filled cartridge.
Review of electronic cigarettes as tobacco cigarette substitutes: Their potential human health impact
The use of EC cannot be clearly substantiated for renormalizing smoking behavior by current evidence, and the basic aspects of EC-related pollutants and their health effects are examined.


Effect of an electronic nicotine delivery device (e-Cigarette) on smoking reduction and cessation: a prospective 6-month pilot study
The use of e-Cigarette substantially decreased cigarette consumption without causing significant side effects in smokers not intending to quit, and perception and acceptance of the product was good.
Electronic cigarettes as a harm reduction strategy for tobacco control: A step forward or a repeat of past mistakes?
Electronic cigarettes show tremendous promise in the fight against tobacco-related morbidity and mortality and by dramatically expanding the potential for harm reduction strategies to achieve substantial health gains, they may fundamentally alter the tobacco harm reduction debate.
Electronic nicotine delivery devices: ineffective nicotine delivery and craving suppression after acute administration
This study examined how two brands of electronic nicotine delivery devices (E-cigarettes) influence plasma nicotine levels, heart rate and cigarette craving in cigarette smokers, and compared these effects to those produced by smokers' usual brand of cigarettes.
Electronic nicotine delivery systems: a research agenda
The authors, who cover a broad range of scientific expertise, from basic science to public health, suggest research priorities for non-clinical, clinical and public health studies, and conclude that the first priority is to characterize the safety profile of these products, including in long-term users.
Saliva cotinine levels in users of electronic cigarettes
ENDS do attenuate craving for tobacco, but appear to deliver little nicotine to the blood, and it is possible that serum nicotine levels would have been similar in ENDS and inhaler users, had ENDS users been allowed to use the devices for 20 min as for the inhaler.
Successful smoking cessation with electronic cigarettes in smokers with a documented history of recurring relapses: a case series
This is the first time that objective measures of smoking cessation are reported for smokers who quit successfully after using an E-cigarette.
Effect of smokeless tobacco (snus) on smoking and public health in Sweden
Snus availability in Sweden appears to have contributed to the unusually low rates of smoking among Swedish men by helping them transfer to a notably less harmful form of nicotine dependence.
Smoking Cessation with E-Cigarettes in Smokers with a Documented History of Depression and Recurring Relapses
The e-cigarette is a battery-powered electronic nicotine delivery device (ENDD), which may help smokers to remain abstinent during their quit attempt, and objective measures of smoking cessation in two heavy smokers, suffering from depression, who experiment the e-cigarettes are reported.
Why people smoke
  • M. Jarvis
  • Psychology, Medicine
    BMJ : British Medical Journal
  • 2004
Social, economic, personal, and political influences all play an important part in determining patterns of smoking prevalence and cessation, and family and wider social influences are often critical in determining who starts smoking, who gives up, and who continues.