The emerging phenomenon of electronic cigarettes

@article{Caponnetto2012TheEP,
  title={The emerging phenomenon of electronic cigarettes},
  author={Pasquale Caponnetto and D. Campagna and Gabriella A. Papale and Cristina Russo and Riccardo Polosa},
  journal={Expert Review of Respiratory Medicine},
  year={2012},
  volume={6},
  pages={63 - 74}
}
The need for novel and more effective approaches to tobacco control is unquestionable. The electronic cigarette is a battery-powered electronic nicotine delivery system that looks very similar to a conventional cigarette and is capable of emulating smoking, but without the combustion products accountable for smoking’s damaging effects. Smokers who decide to switch to electronic cigarettes instead of continuing to smoke would achieve large health gains. The electronic cigarette is an emerging… 
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References

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Effect of an electronic nicotine delivery device (e-Cigarette) on smoking reduction and cessation: a prospective 6-month pilot study
TLDR
The use of e-Cigarette substantially decreased cigarette consumption without causing significant side effects in smokers not intending to quit, and perception and acceptance of the product was good.
Electronic cigarettes as a harm reduction strategy for tobacco control: A step forward or a repeat of past mistakes?
TLDR
Electronic cigarettes show tremendous promise in the fight against tobacco-related morbidity and mortality and by dramatically expanding the potential for harm reduction strategies to achieve substantial health gains, they may fundamentally alter the tobacco harm reduction debate.
Electronic nicotine delivery devices: ineffective nicotine delivery and craving suppression after acute administration
TLDR
This study examined how two brands of electronic nicotine delivery devices (E-cigarettes) influence plasma nicotine levels, heart rate and cigarette craving in cigarette smokers, and compared these effects to those produced by smokers' usual brand of cigarettes.
Electronic nicotine delivery systems: a research agenda
TLDR
The authors, who cover a broad range of scientific expertise, from basic science to public health, suggest research priorities for non-clinical, clinical and public health studies, and conclude that the first priority is to characterize the safety profile of these products, including in long-term users.
Saliva cotinine levels in users of electronic cigarettes
TLDR
ENDS do attenuate craving for tobacco, but appear to deliver little nicotine to the blood, and it is possible that serum nicotine levels would have been similar in ENDS and inhaler users, had ENDS users been allowed to use the devices for 20 min as for the inhaler.
Successful smoking cessation with electronic cigarettes in smokers with a documented history of recurring relapses: a case series
TLDR
This is the first time that objective measures of smoking cessation are reported for smokers who quit successfully after using an E-cigarette.
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TLDR
Snus availability in Sweden appears to have contributed to the unusually low rates of smoking among Swedish men by helping them transfer to a notably less harmful form of nicotine dependence.
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TLDR
The e-cigarette is a battery-powered electronic nicotine delivery device (ENDD), which may help smokers to remain abstinent during their quit attempt, and objective measures of smoking cessation in two heavy smokers, suffering from depression, who experiment the e-cigarettes are reported.
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Social, economic, personal, and political influences all play an important part in determining patterns of smoking prevalence and cessation, and family and wider social influences are often critical in determining who starts smoking, who gives up, and who continues.
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