The emergence of sex differences in personality traits in early adolescence: A cross-sectional, cross-cultural study.

@article{deBolle2015TheEO,
  title={The emergence of sex differences in personality traits in early adolescence: A cross-sectional, cross-cultural study.},
  author={Marleen de Bolle and Filip De Fruyt and Robert R. McCrae and Corinna E. L{\"o}ckenhoff and Paul T. Costa and Maria E. Aguilar-Vafaie and Chang-kyu Ahn and Hyun-nie Ahn and Lidia Alcalay and J{\"u}ri Allik and Tatyana V. Avdeyeva and Denis Bratko and Marina Brunner-Sciarra and Thomas R. Cain and Wayne Chan and Niyada Chittcharat and Jarret T. Crawford and Ryan Fehr and Em{\'i}lia Fickov{\'a} and Michele J. Gelfand and Sylvie Graf and Sami G{\"u}lg{\"o}z and Martina Hřeb{\'i}{\vc}kov{\'a} and Lee Jussim and Waldemar Klinkosz and Goran Kne{\vz}evi{\'c} and Nora Leibovich de Figueroa and Margarida P. Lima and Thomas A. Martin and Iris Maru{\vs}i{\'c} and Khairul Anwar Mastor and Katsuharu Nakazato and Florence Nansubuga and Jose Luis Porrata and Danka Puri{\'c} and Anu Realo and Norma Re{\'a}tegui and Jean Pierre Rolland and Vanina Schmidt and Andrzej E. Sękowski and Jane Shakespeare‐Finch and Yoshiko Shimonaka and Franco Simonetti and Jerzy Siuta and Barbara Szmigielska and Vitanya Vanno and Lei Wang and Michelle Yik and Antonio Terracciano},
  journal={Journal of personality and social psychology},
  year={2015},
  volume={108 1},
  pages={
          171-185
        }
}
Although large international studies have found consistent patterns of sex differences in personality traits among adults (i.e., women scoring higher on most facets), less is known about cross-cultural sex differences in adolescent personality and the role of culture and age in shaping them. The present study examines the NEO Personality Inventory-3 (McCrae, Costa, & Martin, 2005) informant ratings of adolescents from 23 cultures (N = 4,850), and investigates culture and age as sources of… 

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