The emergence of political homophobia in Indonesia: masculinity and national belonging

@article{Boellstorff2004TheEO,
  title={The emergence of political homophobia in Indonesia: masculinity and national belonging},
  author={Tom Boellstorff},
  journal={Ethnos},
  year={2004},
  volume={69},
  pages={465 - 486}
}
This paper explores an unprecedented series of violent acts against ‘gay’ Indonesians beginning in September 1999. Indonesia is often characterized as ‘tolerant’ of homosexuality. This is a false belief, but one containing a grain of truth. To identify this grain of truth I distinguish between ‘heterosexism’ and ‘homophobia,’ noting that Indonesia has been marked by a predominance of heterosexism over homophobia. I examine the emergence of a political homophobia directed at public events where… Expand
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