The emergence of gender differences in depression during adolescence.

@article{NolenHoeksema1994TheEO,
  title={The emergence of gender differences in depression during adolescence.},
  author={S. Nolen-Hoeksema and J. Girgus},
  journal={Psychological bulletin},
  year={1994},
  volume={115 3},
  pages={
          424-43
        }
}
There are no gender differences in depression rates in prepubescent children, but, after the age of 15, girls and women are about twice as likely to be depressed as boys and men. In this article, three models for how gender differences in depression might develop in early adolescence are described and evaluated. According to Model 1, the causes of depression are the same for girls and boys, but these causes become more prevalent in girls than in boys in early adolescence. According to Model 2… Expand
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