The emergence of Schmallenberg virus across Culicoides communities and ecosystems in Europe.

@article{Balenghien2014TheEO,
  title={The emergence of Schmallenberg virus across Culicoides communities and ecosystems in Europe.},
  author={Thomas Balenghien and Nonito Pag{\`e}s and Maria Goffredo and Simon Carpenter and Denis Augot and E Jacquier and Sandra Talavera and Federica Monaco and J{\'e}r{\^o}me Depaquit and Colette Grillet and Joan Pujols and Giuseppe Satta and Mohamed Kasbari and Marie-Laure Setier-Rio and Francesca Izzo and Çiğdem Alkan and Jean-claude Delecolle and Michela Quaglia and Remi N. Charrel and Andrea Polci and Emmanuel Br{\'e}ard and Valentina Federici and Catherine C{\^e}tre-Sossah and Claire Garros},
  journal={Preventive veterinary medicine},
  year={2014},
  volume={116 4},
  pages={
          360-9
        }
}
Schmallenberg virus (SBV), a novel arboviral pathogen, has emerged and spread across Europe since 2011 inflicting congenital deformities in the offspring of infected adult ruminants. Several species of Culicoides biting midges (Diptera: Ceratopogonidae) have been implicated in the transmission of SBV through studies conducted in northern Europe. In this study Culicoides from SBV outbreak areas of mainland France and Italy (Sardinia) were screened for viral RNA. The role of both C. obsoletus and… 
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TLDR
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