The emergence of Bronze Age chariots in eastern Europe

@article{Kuznetsov2006TheEO,
  title={The emergence of Bronze Age chariots in eastern Europe},
  author={Pavel Kuznetsov},
  journal={Antiquity},
  year={2006},
  volume={80},
  pages={638 - 645}
}
The author presents new radiocarbon dates for chariot burials found in the region between Europe and the Urals, showing them to belong to the twentieth-eighteenth centuries BCE. These early dates, which pre-empt the appearance of the war chariot in the Near East, are transforming the ancient history of Eurasia and the early Mediterranean civilisations, pointing to the Volga-Ural area as an important centre of innovation for early Europe. 
Towards a refined chronology for the Bronze Age of the southern Urals, Russia
Cultural interactions in central Russia are famously complex, but of very wide significance. Within the social changes they imply are contained key matters for Europe and Asia: the introduction of
Archaeology of the Eurasian Steppes and Mongolia
International interest in the prehistory and archaeology of the Eurasian steppes and Mongolia has increased dramatically since the collapse of the Soviet Union in 1991. This article surveys important
Royal "Chariot" Burials of Sanauli near Delhi and Archaeological Correlates of Prehistoric Indo-Iranian Languages
The article describes the royal cart burials excavated at the Late Harappan site of Sanauli near Delhi in the spring of 2018 on the basis of the available reports and photographs. The author then
Eurasian Steppe Chariots and Social Complexity During the Bronze Age
This paper aims to examine some societal principles that underlie the development of horse-drawn chariots in Inner Eurasia during the Middle and Late Bronze Age (cal. 2050–1750 BC). Analysis is based
Population genomics of Bronze Age Eurasia
TLDR
It is shown that the Bronze Age was a highly dynamic period involving large-scale population migrations and replacements, responsible for shaping major parts of present-day demographic structure in both Europe and Asia.
Río de Angueira 2 (Teo, La Coruña): a remarkable rock with riding scenes
This paper deals with the petroglyph of Rio de Angueira II (Teo, A Coruna), whose most remarkable feature is the notable presence of riding scenes, one of them on a deer. The description and analysis
Ancient Mitochondrial Genomes Reveal Extensive Genetic Influence of the Steppe Pastoralists in Western Xinjiang
TLDR
This study provides genetic links for an early existence of the Indo-Iranian language in southwestern Xinjiang and suggests that the existence of Andronovo culture in western Xinjiang involved not only the dispersal of ideas but also population movement.
Ancient Celts: myth, invention or reality? Dental affinities among continental and non- continental Celtic groups
Dental anthropological study of the proto-Celts, and continental and non-continental Celtic tribes during the Iron Age, particularly its applicability in estimating biological affinities of these
Dairying enabled Early Bronze Age Yamnaya steppe expansions
TLDR
The results point to a potential epicentre for horse domestication in the Pontic–Caspian steppe by the third millennium bc, and offer strong support for the notion that the novel exploitation of secondary animal products was a key driver of the expansions of Eurasian steppes pastoralists by the Early Bronze Age.
The Classical Tradition Strikes Back. Reply to Comments on The Rise of Bronze Age Society from Gullög Nordquist and Helène Whittaker.
The Classical Tradition Strikes Back : Reply to Comments on The Rise of Bronze Age Society from Gullog Nordquist and Helene Whittaker
...
...

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 29 REFERENCES
Anatolian Tree Rings and a New Chronology for the East Mediterranean Bronze-Iron Ages
TLDR
An extensive program of high-precision radiocarbon dating is reported to establish the best date for a floating 1599-year Anatolian tree ring chronology that spans the later third millennium B.C. to help resolve a long-standing debate in favor of the so-called Middle Mesopotamian chronology.
Radiocarbon dates and absolute chronology of the central European Early Bronze Age
It is more than forty years now since the first radiocarbon dates began the reconciliation of conventional and absolute chronologies for later prehistory. This pioneering radiocarbon chronology for
Horse, wagon & chariot: Indo-European languages and archaeology
New discoveries across the steppe zone of eastern Europe, and new dates relating to those discoveries, keep that oldest of archaeological puzzles, the Indo-European question, happily unanswered. A
The origin of the Indo-Iranians
TLDR
An encyclopaedic account of the Andronovo culture of Eurasia, which comprehensively covers the relationships of this culture with neighboring areas and cultures, and its role in the foundation of the Indo-Iranian peoples.
Birth of the chariot
Les fouilles des sites de Sintashta et Krivoe Orezo situes pres de Magnitogorsk a l'Est de la chaine de l'Oural, ont permis de mettre au jour des sepultures contenant des chars datant de la fin du 3e
Ancient cheek-pieces made of horn from Trakhtemirov
  • Sovetskaya arkheologiya 1 (in Russian).
  • 1964
Bronze - und fru ′ ′ heisenzeitliche Geweihtrensenknebel aus Rumänien und ihre Beziehungen
  • 1998
The amendments to the absolute chronology of the Eneolithic cultures – Caucasus in Middle Bronze Age, Steppe and Forest-Steppe region of Eastern Europe (according to radiocarbon data)
  • Dedicated to the hundred’s anniversary of
  • 2001
Sintashta: archaeological sites of Aryan tribes in the Ural-Kazakh Steppes
  • 1992
...
...