The embryology of conjoined twins

@article{Kaufman2004TheEO,
  title={The embryology of conjoined twins},
  author={Matthew Kaufman},
  journal={Child's Nervous System},
  year={2004},
  volume={20},
  pages={508-525}
}
  • M. Kaufman
  • Published 27 July 2004
  • Biology, Medicine
  • Child's Nervous System
IntroductionAttention is drawn to the spontaneous incidence of twinning, both dizygotic and monozygotic in different mammalian species. [...] Key Result The most common varieties encountered were thoraco-omphalopagus (28%), thoracopagus (18.5%), omphalopagus (10%), parasitic twins (10%) and craniopagus (6%). Of these, about 40% were stillborn, and 60% liveborn, although only about 25% of those that survived to birth lived long enough to be candidates for surgery. Conjoined twinning occurs by the incomplete…Expand
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A review of over 1,800 publications concerning the embryology and pathologic anatomy of conjoined twins provides convincing evidence that they all result from the secondary union of two originally
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A theoretical basis for the embryology of conjoined twins was formulated from clinical experience with ten cases and extensive review of pertinent embryologic and clinical literature, including over 500 cases, and it is concluded that there is no known embryologic process by which Conjoined twins can be formed by fission but firm evidence to support fusion in all cases.
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TLDR
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TLDR
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TLDR
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TLDR
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TLDR
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TLDR
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