The egalitarian battlefield: Reflections on the origins of majority rule in archaic Greece

  title={The egalitarian battlefield: Reflections on the origins of majority rule in archaic Greece},
  author={Athanassios Pitsoulis},
  journal={European Journal of Political Economy},
We explore the emergence of formal institutions of majority rule in archaic Greece from a historical and conflict-theoretic perspective. Referring to ancient and modern sources we first conclude that institutions of majority rule entered Greek collective decision-making in the seventh century BC. We argue that this development must be seen in connection with the local economic growth pattern and the adoption of a highly idiosyncratic form of warfare, which enabled Greek city-states to mobilize… Expand

Figures from this paper

War, disenfranchisement and the fall of the ancient Athenian democracy
The ancient Athenian democracy emerged in 508 (all dates BCE), became a dominant naval power, fought a multitude of external wars and ended in 322 after it was defeated by Macedon and was replaced byExpand
Property rights and democratic values in Bronze Age and Archaic Greece
In the present essay we introduce the concept of macroculture as a complex of mutually supporting values, norms and beliefs in various areas of human activity, like war, religion, politics,Expand
Property Rights and Democratic Values in pre-Classical Greece
In the present essay we introduce the concept of macroculture as a complex of mutually supporting values, norms and beliefs in various areas of human activity, like religion, war, politics, sportsExpand
The Athenian Democracy
In the Athenian democracy, political parties had been outlawed. All powers were in the hands of citizens themselves. By selecting, appointing, monitoring and recalling the officials and civilExpand
The emergence of democracy: a behavioural perspective
In the present essay we introduce in a model the concept of macroculture and the formation of new values within the particular macroculture that arose during the 8th to 4th century BC in AncientExpand
The Instrumental Value of Others and Institutional Change: An Athenian Case Study
The question of what the ancient Greeks can tell us about democracy can be answered by reference to three fields that have traditionally been pursued with little reference to one another: ancientExpand
Understanding the Politics of Perikles Around 450 BC. The Benefits of an Economic Perspective
Perikles is usually seen as a great statesman and clever leader of the Athenians. In the mid fifth century BC, he seems however to have been in serious political trouble and may well have been inExpand
Conflict, democracy and voter choice: a public choice analysis of the Athenian ostracism
Ostracism, the removal of a political leader from ancient Athens for a period of ten years without any additional financial sanction or other punishment, was an important and rather uniqueExpand
Path dependence and transitions from tyranny to democracy: evidence from ancient Greece
For empirical research on the effects of institutions, an important question is whether a given institutional type will generate different outcomes depending on the circumstances that give rise toExpand
How democracy was achieved
In ‘Perfecting Parliament’ Roger Congleton applies the rational choice framework to explain two attributes of the democratization of the West from the medieval times to the early twentieth century,Expand


Military and Political Participation in Archaic-Classical Greece
In this paper I examine the “bargaining hypothesis” about democracy by calculating military and political participation ratios in Greece (MPR and PPR). I find that high (>10%) MPR coincided with highExpand
The origins and evolution of democracy: an exercise in history from a constitutional economics approach
In this article the conditions for the rise and fall of representative regimes are explored. High citizen mobility and unexploited opportunities for investment create the need of reassuring factorExpand
Origins of Democracy in Ancient Greece
About the Authors Chronology of Events List of Abbreviations 1. Introduction Kurt A. Raaflaub 2. "People's Power" and Egalitarian Trends in Archaic Greece Kurt A. Raaflaub and Robert W. Wallace 3.Expand
Archaic and Classical Greece
This volume is concerned with the relationship between war and military organi­ zation on the one hand and, on the other, the economic, social, and political struc­ tures of the states or communitiesExpand
Reflections on the Origins of the Polis
From a beginning of small isolated settlements around 1000 B.C., the city-state (polis) emerged in Greece in the course of four centuries as a political, geographical and judicial unit, with anExpand
Innovation in early Greece: The political sphere
The Fall of the Roman Empire or the reasons in general for the decline of ancient culture have been the subject of much discussion. The topic lends itself to detailed research.102 The Reasons for theExpand
Morality, institutions and the wealth of nations: Some lessons from ancient Greece
The character and the morality of citizens are important for prosperity because they go hand in hand with the great institutions of private property, democracy, and free markets. We establish thisExpand
Warum war Athen eine Demokratie? : Ein spieltheoretisches Modell
Under what conditions is democracy possible? To foster the understanding of this question, a simple game-theoretic model of classical Athenian democracy is presented: when actors have to chooseExpand
The Other Greeks: The Family Farm and the Agrarian Roots of Western Civilization
For generations, scholars have focused on the rise of the Greek city-state and its brilliant cosmopolitan culture as the ultimate source of the Western tradition in literature, philosophy, andExpand
Warfare and Hoplites
For most of the twentieth century, scholars believed that the Archaic period saw dramatic changes in Greek military practices, significant enough to merit the name “hoplite revolution” or at leastExpand