The effects of wars on neutral countries: Why it doesn't pay to preserve the peace

  title={The effects of wars on neutral countries: Why it doesn't pay to preserve the peace},
  author={E. Gholz and Daryl G. Press},
  journal={Security Studies},
  pages={1 - 57}
SINCE THE END of the cold war, Americans have struggled to understand the new threats and opportunities created by the changed international environment. The threat that captivated the United States for half a century—that a hostile great power would conquer most of die industrialized world—is now gone. Not only has the Soviet Union disappeared, but no new peer competitor is on the horizon. Furthermore, while the nuclear revolution does not guarantee peace, it does guarantee that great powers… Expand
Ties that blind: Will Germany and Japan rely too much on the United States?
PREVENTING GREAT power war is one of the main reasons for keeping up U.S. alliances with NATO and Japan after the end of the cold war. Alliance advocates argue that the alliances promote peace in twoExpand
The Empire Strikes Out The "New Imperialism" and Its Fatal Flaws
attacks on the United States, several commentators have advanced the idea of security through empire. They claim that the best way to protect the United States in the 21st century is to emulate theExpand
Commerce and Conflict: New Data about the Great War
The First World War is often cited as proof par excellence of the flaws in the liberal peace argument because the adversaries it engaged had been each other’s major pre-war trading partners. AlthoughExpand
Desert Shield of the Republic? A Realist Case for Abandoning the Middle East
Abstract Political realists disagree on what America should “do” and “be” in the Middle East. All are skeptical toward extravagant geopolitical projects to transform the region. Yet they differ overExpand
Don't Come Home, America: The Case against Retrenchment
After sixty-five years of pursuing a grand strategy of global leadership—nearly a third of which transpired without a peer great power rival—has the time come for the United States to switch to aExpand
Withdrawing from Overseas Bases: Why a Forward-Deployed Military Posture is Unnecessary, Outdated, and Dangerous
The United States maintains a veritable empire of military bases throughout the world — about 800 of them in more than 70 countries. This forward-deployed military posture incurs substantial costsExpand
The Retreat of the West
The West is turning inward. Donald Trump’s presidency, Britain’s decision to leave the European Union, and the spread of populist parties in Europe are the most visible signs of this retreat. TheExpand
A Neo-Nixon Doctrine for the Indian Ocean: Helping States Help Themselves
Abstract In recent years the Indian Ocean has received significant attention from the defence-intellectual community in the United States. However, the actual strategic importance of the region to USExpand
A Flawed Framework: Why the Liberal International Order Concept Is Misguided
Well before President Donald Trump began rhetorically attacking U.S. allies and the open international trading system, policy analysts worried about challenges to the liberal international orderExpand
Peacemaking and Democratic Peace Theory: Public Opinion as an Obstacle to Peace in Post-Conflict Situations
Democratic Peace Theory rests on several assumptions. Structural variants assume that, in all states, the public is more peaceful than its leaders and that, in democratic states, institutional checksExpand


Concerts, Collective Security, and the Future of Europe
Europe’s strategic it or not, the architecture of the postwar order is outmoded. The Warsaw Pact has been disbanded. NATO is struggling to define a role for itself; the threat it was built to resistExpand
The rise and fall of the great powers : economic change and military conflict from 1500 to 2000
Paul Kennedy's international bestseller is a sweeping account of five hundred years of fluctuating economic muscle and military might among the great powers of the world. Kennedy begins with Europe'sExpand
The War Ledger
"The War Ledger" provides fresh, sophisticated answers to fundamental questions about major modern wars: Why do major wars begin? What accounts for victory or defeat in war? How do victory and defeatExpand
Wealth, Power, and Instability: East Asia and the United States after the Cold War
I E a s t Asia is becoming a more important interest to the United States at the same time that it is becoming less stable as an arena of great power interaction.’ This is a bad combination,Expand
Is War Obsolete?: A Review Essay
T h e forty-five years that have now passed since the end of World War I1 without interstate war in Europe is the longest such period in its post-medieval history.' Many scholars and commentatorsExpand
Come Home, America: The Strategy of Restraint in the Face of Temptation
T h e Cold War lasted SO long and grew to be such a comfortable part of everyday life that it is now very difficult to chart a new foreign policy course for the nation. U.S. national strategy is aExpand
The Costs of Major Wars: The Phoenix Factor
A major unexplored area in the field of international politics is the consequences of major war for members of the international system in terms of power lost or gained. This paper explores theseExpand
Competing Visions for U.S. Grand Strategy
The dramatic events that marked the end of the Cold War and the subsequent early end of the twentieth century require the United States to reconsider its national security policy. What are U.S.Expand
U.S. strategic objectives in East Asia
Workshop Summary * The central objectives of U.S. strategy for the East Asia-Pacific region are to foster political stability, maintain access to regional markets, ensure freedom of navigation, andExpand
Currency and Coercion: The Political Economy of International Monetary Power
This text examines how states can, and have, used international currency relationships and arrangements as instruments of coercive power for the advancement of state security. The book lays theExpand