The effects of warming and buffering on pain of infiltration of lidocaine.

@article{Bartfield1995TheEO,
  title={The effects of warming and buffering on pain of infiltration of lidocaine.},
  author={Joel Michael Bartfield and K M Crisafulli and Nancy Raccio-Robak and Richard F. Salluzzo},
  journal={Academic emergency medicine : official journal of the Society for Academic Emergency Medicine},
  year={1995},
  volume={2 4},
  pages={
          254-8
        }
}
OBJECTIVES To investigate the effects of warming vs buffering, and warming with buffering, on the pain of lidocaine infiltration. METHODS A randomized, double-blind clinical trial was conducted using volunteers aged 18 years or more and without an allergy to lidocaine. The study consisted of two parts, each comparing two solutions. The solutions for Part I were warm (38.9 degrees C; 102 degrees F) plain lidocaine and room-temperature buffered lidocaine. Warm buffered lidocaine and room… CONTINUE READING
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