The effects of the red imported fire ant on seed fate in the longleaf pine ecosystem

  title={The effects of the red imported fire ant on seed fate in the longleaf pine ecosystem},
  author={Margaret S. Cumberland and L. Katherine Kirkman},
  journal={Plant Ecology},
The natural patterns of myrmecochory are disrupted by the dominance of red imported fire ants (Solenopsis invicta) in the southeastern United States. This leads to questions about the role of fire ants as seed dispersers. We examined the fate of ant-dispersed seed in the longleaf pine ecosystem. First, we determined removal rates for a suite of common ground cover species. Then, we verified the final location of removed seeds by using a wax cast to examine nest contents, and locating dyed seeds… Expand

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