The effects of subtle misinformation in news headlines.

  title={The effects of subtle misinformation in news headlines.},
  author={Ullrich K. H. Ecker and Stephan Lewandowsky and Ee Pin Chang and Rekha Pillai},
  journal={Journal of experimental psychology. Applied},
  volume={20 4},
Information presented in news articles can be misleading without being blatantly false. Experiment 1 examined the effects of misleading headlines that emphasize secondary content rather than the article's primary gist. We investigated how headlines affect readers' processing of factual news articles and opinion pieces, using both direct memory measures and more indirect reasoning measures. Experiment 2 examined an even more subtle type of misdirection. We presented articles featuring a facial… 

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