The effects of social conformity on Gouldian finch personality

@article{King2015TheEO,
  title={The effects of social conformity on Gouldian finch personality},
  author={Andrew J. King and Leah J. Williams and Claudia Mettke-Hofmann},
  journal={Animal Behaviour},
  year={2015},
  volume={99},
  pages={25-31}
}
Consistent individual differences in behaviour observed within a population are termed ‘personality’. Studies of personality typically test subjects in isolation, ignoring the potential effects of the social environment, which might restrict the expression of individual behaviour via conformity, or enhance it by facilitation. The Gouldian finch, Erythrura gouldiae, exhibits polymorphism in head colour (red or black) which is related to different personalities: black-headed birds are bolder and… Expand
Social conformity in solitary crabs, Carcinus maenas, is driven by individual differences in behavioural plasticity
Group living is widespread in the animal kingdom and recent studies into the mechanisms underlying group cohesion and behavioural synchrony have highlighted the importance of between-individualExpand
Common marmosets show social plasticity and group-level similarity in personality
TLDR
It is hypothesize that ‘group-personality’ may be adaptive for highly cooperative animals through facilitating cooperation among individuals with similar behavioural tendency through facilitated cooperation amongindividuals withsimilar behavioural tendency. Expand
Facilitative effects of social partners on Java sparrow activity
Group-living animals can affect each other's behaviour, causing changes in the rate or type of behaviours performed (social facilitation), or convergence in behaviour to that displayed by theExpand
Population differences in the effect of context on personality in an invasive lizard
TLDR
Investigation of variation in personality traits across two ecological contexts in the invasive delicate skink found that environmental context had a clear effect on the structure of lizard personality, where activity rates were not repeatability in the absence of food, but were repeatable in the presence of food resources. Expand
Personality and Affinities Play a Key Role in the Organisation of Collective Movements in a Group of Domestic Horses
Understanding how groups of individuals with different motives come to daily decisions about the exploitation of their environment is a key question in animal behaviour. While interindividualExpand
Social conformity affects experimental measurement of boldness in male but not female monk parakeets (Myiopsitta monachus)
TLDR
It was found that behavioural response in a risky foraging context was inversely correlated between solitary and social condition in males, but not in females, which has implications for characterizing sex-specific differences of risk-taking behaviour in social animals. Expand
Personality variation improves collective decision-making in cockroaches
TLDR
It is shown that personality variation amplifies the effects of social inter-attractions, thus increasing the speed of aggregation, shedding light on the mechanisms underpinning social modification of individual behaviour. Expand
Gouldian finches are followers with black-headed females taking the lead
TLDR
Investigating the link between head colour and behavioural traits in a naturally risky situation in the wild by recording the order of descent at waterholes in relation to hypotheses considering conspicuousness, dominance relationships and experience found a two-level process of decision-making seems to explain the responses best. Expand
Prosociality, social cognition and empathy in psittacids and corvids
In the animal kingdom some species form complex social groups in which elaborated relationships between individuals occur. Prosocial behaviors, i.e. actions that benefit others, preferentially occurExpand
Socially Driven Consistent Behavioural Differences during Development in Common Ravens and Carrion Crows
TLDR
Overall, the findings highlight that these two species are highly adaptable in their behaviour, and the ravens in particular are strongly influenced by their social environment, which may facilitate cooperation and social learning. Expand
...
1
2
3
4
5
...

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 89 REFERENCES
Sex differences, social context and personality in zebra finches, Taeniopygia guttata
Despite burgeoning interest in consistent individual differences in behaviour (animal ‘personality’), the influence of social interactions on the performance of different behavioural types is poorlyExpand
Express your personality or go along with the group: what determines the behaviour of shoaling perch?
TLDR
Most fish showed a shyer behaviour when alone, but bolder individuals changed less between treatments than did shyer ones, suggesting a more influential role of bold fish in the group. Expand
Colourful characters: head colour reflects personality in a social bird, the Gouldian finch, Erythrura gouldiae
TLDR
The hypothesis that discrete colour polymorphism can reflect personality is tested in a social bird, the Gouldian finch, which shows two major head-colour morphs: red and black, and a number of predictions are made about how this should function as a signal in competitive and cooperative (social) contexts. Expand
Personality and social context
  • M. Webster, A. Ward
  • Psychology, Medicine
  • Biological reviews of the Cambridge Philosophical Society
  • 2011
TLDR
This review examines the state of knowledge on the relationship between individual personality and sociality, and considers the influence of the social context on individual personality responses, the interaction between the collective personalities of group members and the expression of those personalities in the individual. Expand
Strong personalities, not social niches, drive individual differences in social behaviours in sticklebacks
TLDR
It is found that individuals' social foraging behaviour was related to their behavioural type, specifically their shoaling behaviour, and the behavioural types of the members of a group strongly influenced a group's average foraging behaviours. Expand
Personality traits in resident and migratory warbler species.
Animals are often confronted with environmental challenges and the way in which they cope with these challenges can have important fitness consequences. There is increasing evidence that individualsExpand
Individual-level personality influences social foraging and collective behaviour in wild birds
TLDR
It is demonstrated that variation in personality promotes within-patch movement while maintaining group cohesion, illustrating the importance of incorporating individual variability in models of social behaviour. Expand
Plasticity in animal personality traits: does prior experience alter the degree of boldness?
TLDR
B Bold fishes given negative experiences reduced their boldness which may be an adaptive response; however, shy fishes may base their strategic decisions upon self-assessment of their relative competitive ability and increase theirboldness in situations where getting to resources more quickly ensures they outcompete better competitors. Expand
Life-history trade-offs favour the evolution of animal personalities
TLDR
This model simultaneously explains the coexistence of behavioural types, the consistency of behaviour through time and the structure of behavioural correlations across contexts, and explains the common finding that explorative behaviour and risk-related traits like boldness and aggressiveness are common characteristics of animal personalities. Expand
Context dependence of personalities: risk-taking behavior in a social and a nonsocial situation
TLDR
It is found that the relation between exploratory behavior and risk-taking behavior depended on the social context, and it was found that females in general returned later in the social test and male reaction to the presence of a conspecific was dependent on their behavioral type. Expand
...
1
2
3
4
5
...