The effects of six electronic apex locators on pacemaker function: an in vitro study.

@article{Gmez2013TheEO,
  title={The effects of six electronic apex locators on pacemaker function: an in vitro study.},
  author={G G{\'o}mez and Fernando Dur{\'a}n-Sindreu and F Jara Clemente and Raffaele Garofalo and Missael Garcia and Rufino Bueno and M Roig},
  journal={International endodontic journal},
  year={2013},
  volume={46 5},
  pages={
          399-405
        }
}
AIM To assess the effects of six electronic apex locators (EALs) on pacemaker function in vitro. METHODOLOGY Six EALs (Mini Apex Locator®, Dentaport ZX®, Novapex®, Raypex5®, Root ZX mini®, and Justy II®) were tested for electromagnetic interference (EMI) with one pacemaker (Saint Jude Medical). The pacemaker, with a single electrode, was immersed in a saline solution bath adjusted to 400-800 hms to simulate the electrical resistance of the human body and to register the activity by the system… CONTINUE READING
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