The effects of right ventricular apical pacing with transvenous pacemaker and implantable cardioverter defibrillator on mitral and tricuspid regurgitation.


BACKGROUND The incidence of new or worsening tricuspid regurgitation (TR) or mitral regurgitation (MR) after permanent pacemaker (PPM) or implantable cardioverter defibrillator (ICD) lead placement has not been well investigated. We studied the effect of transvenous leads implantation and right ventricular (RV) pacing on tricuspid and mitral valve… (More)
DOI: 10.1016/j.jelectrocard.2015.07.002

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