The effects of response rate changes on the index of consumer sentiment.

  title={The effects of response rate changes on the index of consumer sentiment.},
  author={Richard T. Curtin and Stanley Presser and Eleanor Singer},
  journal={Public opinion quarterly},
  volume={64 4},
From 1979 to 1996, the Survey of Consumer Attitudes response rate remained roughly 70 percent. But number of calls to complete an interview and proportion of interviews requiring refusal conversion doubled. Using call-record histories, we explore what the consequences of lower response rates would have been if these additional efforts had not been undertaken. Both number of calls and initially cooperating (vs. initially refusing) are related to the Index of Consumer Sentiment (ICS), but only… 

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