The effects of presentation and recall of material in free-recall learning

@article{Tulving1967TheEO,
  title={The effects of presentation and recall of material in free-recall learning},
  author={Endel Tulving},
  journal={Journal of Verbal Learning and Verbal Behavior},
  year={1967},
  volume={6},
  pages={175-184}
}
  • E. Tulving
  • Published 1 April 1967
  • Psychology
  • Journal of Verbal Learning and Verbal Behavior
Learning a list for free recall: Selective reminding versus the standard procedure
TLDR
It is recommended that memory researchers switch to selective reminding as the preferred way to teach a subject a free-recall list, as the standard procedure required that many more items be presented over trials, and more subjects failed to learn the list within 1 h using theStandard procedure.
Freedom of Pair Construction and Effects of Sequences of Input-Recall Trials on Learning
The relative contribution to learning of input and recall trials was examined under conditions in which subjects were given considerable freedom on input trials to construct their own pairs of verbal
Fluctuations in recall across successive test trials
TLDR
The results suggest two conclusions: (1) Although recall trial duration affects the overall amount of recall, it does not affect the amount of item fluctuation; and (2) an instruction to recall only “old” items or to recallonly “new’ items results in suppression of the nonrequested items without a corresponding facilitation for the requested items.
...
...

References

SHOWING 1-6 OF 6 REFERENCES
Short-term Temporal Changes in Free Recall
An experimental study of short-term memory for lists of familiar English words is reported. Lists of 10, 20, and 30 unrelated words were presented at a 1-sec. rate. Retention was measured by free
INTRATRIAL AND INTERTRIAL RETENTION: NOTES TOWARDS A THEORY OF FREE RECALL VERBAL LEARNING.
To What Extent Is Memory Measured by a Single Recall