The effects of praise on children's intrinsic motivation: a review and synthesis.

  title={The effects of praise on children's intrinsic motivation: a review and synthesis.},
  author={Jennifer Henderlong and Mark R. Lepper},
  journal={Psychological bulletin},
  volume={128 5},
The authors argue against a purely behavioral definition of praise as verbal reinforcement in favor of the view that praise may serve to undermine, enhance, or have no effect on children's intrinsic motivation, depending on a set of conceptual variables. Provided that praise is perceived as sincere, it is particularly beneficial to motivation when it encourages performance attributions to controllable causes, promotes autonomy, enhances competence without an overreliance on social comparisons… Expand

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