The effects of perceived and received support on self-confidence

  title={The effects of perceived and received support on self-confidence},
  author={Tim Rees and Paul Freeman},
  journal={Journal of Sports Sciences},
  pages={1057 - 1065}
  • T. Rees, P. Freeman
  • Published 11 May 2007
  • Psychology, Medicine
  • Journal of Sports Sciences
Abstract A sample of 222 university athletes (mean age 19.8 years, s = 2.0), ranging in standard from university second team to international competitor, completed a measure of perceived support 2 weeks before an important competition or match. On the day before the competition or match, the athletes completed measures of stressors, stress, received support, and self-confidence. Moderated hierarchical regression analyses revealed the following key findings: (i) main effects for both perceived… 

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